FALSE2022FY0000319201http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#AccountingStandardsUpdate201613MemberP6MP3Y33.3325.00http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2022#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrentP3YP4YP2YP3Y33.333333.333333.3333505033.333333.333333.333333.3325.00P6YP3Y33.3325.0000003192012021-07-012022-06-3000003192012021-12-31iso4217:USD00003192012022-07-18xbrli:shares00003192012020-07-012021-06-3000003192012022-06-3000003192012021-06-30iso4217:USDxbrli:shares0000319201us-gaap:ProductMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ProductMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ProductMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ServiceMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ServiceMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ServiceMember2019-07-012020-06-3000003192012019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-06-3000003192012019-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-06-3000003192012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2020-06-300000319201srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CommonStockIncludingAdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ParentMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BuildingMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BuildingMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMembersrt:MaximumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberklac:CashLongTermIncentivePlanMember2021-07-012022-06-30klac:Installment0000319201srt:MaximumMemberklac:CashLongTermIncentivePlanMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2020-07-01xbrli:pure0000319201srt:MinimumMember2022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMember2022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMember2022-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMember2022-07-012022-06-3000003192012022-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201klac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberklac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201klac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberklac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201klac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberklac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201klac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberklac:MoneyMarketBankDepositsAndOtherMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MunicipalBondsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedNetUnrealizedInvestmentGainLossMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromCashFlowHedgesIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromCashFlowHedgesIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromCashFlowHedgesIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedNetInvestmentGainLossIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedNetInvestmentGainLossIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedNetInvestmentGainLossIncludingPortionAttributableToNoncontrollingInterestMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:MunicipalBondsMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:MunicipalBondsMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SovereignDebtSecuritiesMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember2021-06-300000319201klac:CorporateAndGovernmentSecuritiesMember2022-06-30klac:investment0000319201klac:May12022AcquisitionMember2022-05-012022-05-010000319201klac:ECITechnologyIncMember2022-02-280000319201klac:ECITechnologyIncMember2022-02-282022-02-280000319201klac:ECITechnologyIncMember2021-02-282021-02-280000319201klac:ExistingTechnologyMemberklac:ECITechnologyIncMember2022-02-282022-02-280000319201us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMemberklac:ECITechnologyIncMember2022-02-282022-02-280000319201us-gaap:OrderOrProductionBacklogMemberklac:ECITechnologyIncMember2022-02-282022-02-280000319201us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMemberklac:ECITechnologyIncMember2022-02-282022-02-280000319201klac:AnchorSemiconductorIncMember2021-07-012021-07-010000319201klac:AnchorSemiconductorIncMember2021-07-010000319201klac:AnchorSemiconductorIncMember2022-06-300000319201klac:ProductLineAcquiredOnApril242020Member2020-04-242020-04-240000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMemberklac:ProductLineAcquiredOnApril242020Member2020-04-242020-04-240000319201klac:PrivatelyHeldCompanyAcquiredOnAugust222019Member2019-08-222019-08-220000319201klac:PrivatelyHeldCompanyAcquiredOnAugust222019Member2019-08-220000319201klac:PrivatelyHeldCompanyAcquiredOnAugust222019Member2022-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMemberklac:PrivatelyHeldCompanyAcquiredOnAugust222019Member2019-08-222019-08-220000319201klac:OrbographLtd.Member2022-06-300000319201klac:OrbographLtd.Memberus-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2022-06-300000319201klac:OrbographLtd.Memberus-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2022-04-012022-06-30klac:reportingUnitklac:segment0000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMember2020-06-300000319201klac:GlobalServiceAndSupportMember2020-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2020-06-300000319201klac:PCBAndDisplayMember2020-06-300000319201klac:ComponentInspectionMember2020-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:GlobalServiceAndSupportMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:PCBAndDisplayMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:ComponentInspectionMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMember2021-06-300000319201klac:GlobalServiceAndSupportMember2021-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2021-06-300000319201klac:PCBAndDisplayMember2021-06-300000319201klac:ComponentInspectionMember2021-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:GlobalServiceAndSupportMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:PCBAndDisplayMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:ComponentInspectionMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionAndPatterningMember2022-06-300000319201klac:GlobalServiceAndSupportMember2022-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2022-06-300000319201klac:PCBAndDisplayMember2022-06-300000319201klac:ComponentInspectionMember2022-06-300000319201klac:OtherReportingUnitMember2022-06-300000319201klac:OtherReportingUnitMember2021-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2020-01-012020-03-310000319201klac:PCBAndDisplayMember2020-01-012020-03-310000319201klac:ExistingTechnologyMembersrt:MinimumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:ExistingTechnologyMembersrt:MaximumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:ExistingTechnologyMember2022-06-300000319201klac:ExistingTechnologyMember2021-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-06-300000319201klac:TradeNameTrademarkMembersrt:MinimumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:TradeNameTrademarkMembersrt:MaximumMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:TradeNameTrademarkMember2022-06-300000319201klac:TradeNameTrademarkMember2021-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InProcessResearchAndDevelopmentMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12024Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12024Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12034Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12034Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch152029Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch152029Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch152049Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch152049Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch12050Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch12050Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueJuly152032Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueJuly152032Member2021-06-300000319201klac:SeniorNotesDueJuly152052Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-06-300000319201klac:SeniorNotesDueJuly152052Memberus-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueJuly152062Member2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueJuly152062Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2021-06-300000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary202022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2022-06-300000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary202022Member2022-06-300000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary202022Member2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:A2022SeniorNotesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12024Member2022-07-070000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueMarch12050Member2020-02-290000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12021Member2020-02-290000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-02-012020-02-290000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:A2019SeniorNotesMember2019-03-310000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12024Member2014-11-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2019-10-012019-10-31klac:derivativeInstrument0000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberklac:A2019SeniorNotesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-03-310000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-03-312022-03-310000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2021-07-012022-06-30klac:extension0000319201us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201us-gaap:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateSofrOvernightIndexSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberklac:AlternativeBaseRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberklac:AlternativeBaseRateMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2017-11-012017-11-30klac:quarter0000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary222022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2020-12-310000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary222022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2021-02-202021-02-200000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary222022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2022-02-222022-02-220000319201klac:A3590NotePayableDueOnFebruary222022Memberus-gaap:NotesPayableToBanksMember2022-06-300000319201klac:TwoThousandFourPlanMember2022-06-300000319201klac:EmployeeStockOptionsAndRestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2019-02-202019-02-200000319201klac:EmployeeStockOptionsAndRestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:OrbotechMemberklac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2019-02-200000319201us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMemberklac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2019-02-200000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2019-02-200000319201klac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2019-02-200000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2019-02-202019-02-200000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:AssumedEquityPlansMember2022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:SeniorManagementMember2022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:SeniorManagementMember2021-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:SeniorManagementMember2020-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMember2022-06-30klac:tranche0000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:ThirdAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:FourthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:FifthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:TwoThousandFourPlanMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:TwoThousandFourPlanMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberklac:TwoThousandFourPlanMember2022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:TwoThousandFourPlanMember2022-06-300000319201srt:MinimumMemberklac:RestrictedStockUnitServiceBasedMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:MaximumMemberklac:RestrictedStockUnitServiceBasedMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitMarketBasedAndServiceBasedMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2022-06-300000319201klac:CashLongTermIncentivePlanMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:CashLongTermIncentivePlanMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:CashLongTermIncentivePlanMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:CashLongTermIncentivePlanMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:EmployeeStockMember2019-07-012020-06-3000003192012022-06-012022-06-010000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitMember2022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitMember2021-06-300000319201klac:OrbotechLTSolarLLCMember2022-06-300000319201klac:PixCellMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2021-02-012021-02-280000319201klac:PixCellMember2022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:ThirdAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:FourthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:FifthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMembersrt:MaximumMemberklac:ThirdAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitPerformanceBasedAndServiceBasedMembersrt:MaximumMemberklac:FourthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitMarketBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:ThirdAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitMarketBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:FourthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestrictedStockUnitMarketBasedAndServiceBasedMemberklac:FifthAnniversaryMember2021-07-012022-06-3000003192012020-07-012020-09-3000003192012022-04-012022-06-3000003192012022-06-23klac:financialInstitution00003192012022-06-232022-06-230000319201klac:MatchingOptionOneMember2019-01-012022-06-300000319201klac:MatchingOptionTwoMember2019-01-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201klac:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityEquitySecuritiesAndOtherSecurityInvestmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberklac:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityEquitySecuritiesAndOtherSecurityInvestmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberklac:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityEquitySecuritiesAndOtherSecurityInvestmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201klac:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityEquitySecuritiesAndOtherSecurityInvestmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberklac:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityEquitySecuritiesAndOtherSecurityInvestmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberklac:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityEquitySecuritiesAndOtherSecurityInvestmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InternalRevenueServiceIRSMemberklac:OrbotechMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMemberklac:OrbotechMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberklac:OrbotechMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:CapitalLossCarryforwardMemberklac:OrbotechMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:OrbotechMemberus-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberus-gaap:IsraelTaxAuthorityMember2017-05-012020-06-30iso4217:ILS0000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberus-gaap:IsraelTaxAuthorityMember2017-05-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberus-gaap:IsraelTaxAuthorityMember2018-08-310000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberus-gaap:IsraelTaxAuthorityMember2020-12-012020-12-310000319201klac:TaxYear2015And2016Memberus-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberus-gaap:IsraelTaxAuthorityMember2022-03-032022-03-030000319201us-gaap:ForeignCountryMemberus-gaap:IsraelTaxAuthorityMemberklac:TaxYear2017And2018Member2022-03-032022-03-030000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:SalesMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMemberklac:CostsOfRevenuesAndOperatingExpenseMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:SalesMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:CostsOfRevenuesAndOperatingExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:SalesMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMemberklac:CostsOfRevenuesAndOperatingExpenseMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:SalesMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:CostsOfRevenuesAndOperatingExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMemberus-gaap:SalesMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestRateContractMemberklac:CostsOfRevenuesAndOperatingExpenseMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMemberus-gaap:InterestRateContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:SalesMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:CostsOfRevenuesAndOperatingExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:InterestExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherNonoperatingIncomeExpenseMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:LongMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:LongMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:NetInvestmentHedgingMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:LongMemberklac:OtherForeignCurrencyHedgeContractsMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:LongMemberklac:OtherForeignCurrencyHedgeContractsMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberklac:OtherForeignCurrencyHedgeContractsMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberklac:OtherForeignCurrencyHedgeContractsMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMember2021-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2021-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2020-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2019-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:AOCIDerivativeParentMember2022-06-300000319201klac:SemiconductorProcessControlMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:SemiconductorProcessControlMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:SemiconductorProcessControlMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:CorporateAndReconcilingItemsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:CorporateAndReconcilingItemsMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:CorporateAndReconcilingItemsMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:CN2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMembercountry:CN2021-07-012022-06-300000319201country:CN2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMembercountry:CN2020-07-012021-06-300000319201country:CN2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMembercountry:CN2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:TW2021-07-012022-06-300000319201country:TWus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201country:TW2020-07-012021-06-300000319201country:TWus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201country:TW2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:TWus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:KR2021-07-012022-06-300000319201country:KRus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201country:KR2020-07-012021-06-300000319201country:KRus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201country:KR2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:KRus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201srt:NorthAmericaMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMembersrt:NorthAmericaMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201srt:NorthAmericaMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMembersrt:NorthAmericaMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201srt:NorthAmericaMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMembersrt:NorthAmericaMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:JP2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMembercountry:JPus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201country:JP2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMembercountry:JPus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201country:JP2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMembercountry:JPus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:EuropeAndIsraelMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:EuropeAndIsraelMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:EuropeAndIsraelMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:EuropeAndIsraelMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:EuropeAndIsraelMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:EuropeAndIsraelMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:RestOfAsiaMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberklac:RestOfAsiaMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:RestOfAsiaMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberklac:RestOfAsiaMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:RestOfAsiaMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberklac:RestOfAsiaMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:WaferInspectionMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:PatterningMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:PatterningMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:PatterningMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:PatterningMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:PatterningMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:PatterningMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:SpecialtySemiconductorProcessMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:PCBDisplayAndComponentInspectionMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:ServiceMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:OtherRevenueMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:OtherRevenueMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:OtherRevenueMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:OtherRevenueMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:OtherRevenueMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:OtherRevenueMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:LargestCustomerMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201klac:SecondLargestCustomerMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:LargestCustomerMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201klac:SecondLargestCustomerMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberklac:LargestCustomerMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201klac:SecondLargestCustomerMemberus-gaap:GeographicConcentrationRiskMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201country:US2022-06-300000319201country:US2021-06-300000319201country:SG2022-06-300000319201country:SG2021-06-300000319201country:IL2022-06-300000319201country:IL2021-06-300000319201srt:EuropeMember2022-06-300000319201srt:EuropeMember2021-06-300000319201klac:RestOfAsiaMember2022-06-300000319201klac:RestOfAsiaMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2022-08-042022-08-040000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-07-072022-07-070000319201us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2022-07-292022-07-290000319201us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberklac:SeniorNotesDueNovember12024Member2022-07-072022-07-070000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2019-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2019-07-012020-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-07-012021-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-07-012022-06-300000319201us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-06-30
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year EndedJune 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period from                      to
Commission File Number 000-09992
KLA CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware04-2564110
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
One Technology Drive,Milpitas,California95035
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (408875-3000
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per shareKLACThe Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC
The NASDAQ Global Select Market
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes o    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer x
Accelerated filer o 
Non-accelerated filer o 
Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  x
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant based upon the closing price of the registrant’s stock, as of December 31, 2021, was approximately $64.80 billion.
The registrant had 141,803,776 shares of common stock outstanding as of July 18, 2022.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Proxy Statement for the 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (“Proxy Statement”) to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A within 120 days after the registrant’s fiscal year ended June 30, 2022, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.


Table of Contents
INDEX 
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.
i

Table of Contents
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements other than statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. You can identify these and other forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “relies,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “intends,” “potential,” “continues,” “thinks,” “seeks,” or the negative of such terms, or other comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements also include the assumptions underlying or relating to any of the foregoing statements. Such forward-looking statements include those regarding, among others: the future impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic; forecasts of the future results of our operations, including profitability; orders for our products and capital equipment generally; sales of semiconductors; the investments by our customers in advanced technologies and new materials; growth of revenue in the semiconductor industry, the semiconductor capital equipment industry and our business; technological trends in the semiconductor industry; future developments or trends in the global capital and financial markets; our future product offerings and product features; the success and market acceptance of new products; timing of shipment of order backlog; our future product shipments and product and service revenues; our future gross margins; our future research and development (“R&D”) expenses and selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses; international sales and operations; our ability to maintain or improve our existing competitive position; success of our product offerings; creation and funding of programs for R&D; results of our investment in leading edge technologies; the effects of hedging transactions; the effect of the sale of trade receivables and promissory notes from customers; the effect of future compliance with laws and regulations; our future effective income tax rate; our recognition of tax benefits; the effects of any audits or litigation; future payments of dividends to our stockholders; the completion of any acquisitions of third parties, or the technology or assets thereof; benefits received from any acquisitions and development of acquired technologies; sufficiency of our existing cash balance, investments, cash generated from operations and the unfunded portion of our Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below) to meet our operating and working capital requirements, including debt service and payment thereof; future dividends, and stock repurchases; our compliance with the financial covenants under the Credit Agreement (as defined below) for our Revolving Credit Facility; the adoption of new accounting pronouncements; our repayment of our outstanding indebtedness; and our environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) related targets, goals and commitments.
Our actual results may differ significantly from those projected in the forward-looking statements in this report. Factors that might cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and on our business, financial condition and results of operations, including the supply chain constraints we are experiencing as a result of the pandemic;
Economic, political and social conditions in the countries in which we, our customers and our suppliers operate, including rising inflation and interest rates, Russia's invasion of Ukraine and global trade policies;
Disruption to our manufacturing facilities or other operations, or the operations of our customers, due to natural catastrophic events, health epidemics or terrorism;
Ongoing changes in the technology industry, and the semiconductor industry in particular, including future growth rates, pricing trends in end-markets, or changes in customer capital spending patterns;
Our ability to timely develop new technologies and products that successfully anticipate or address changes in the semiconductor industry;
Our ability to maintain our technology advantage and protect our proprietary rights;
Our ability to compete with new products introduced by our competitors;
Our ability to attract, onboard and retain key personnel;
Cybersecurity threats, cyber incidents affecting our and our customers, suppliers and other service providers’ systems and networks and our and their ability to access critical information systems for daily business operations;
Liability to our customers under indemnification provisions if our products fail to operate properly or contain defects or our customers are sued by third parties due to our products;
Exposure to a highly concentrated customer base;
Availability and cost of the wide range of materials used in the production of our products;
Our ability to operate our business in accordance with our business plan;
Legal, regulatory and tax environments in which we perform our operations and conduct our business and our ability to comply with relevant laws and regulations;
Increasing attention to ESG matters and the resulting costs, risks and impact on our business;
Our ability to pay interest and repay the principal of our current indebtedness is dependent upon our ability to manage our business operations, our credit rating and the ongoing interest rate environment, among other factors;
ii

Table of Contents
Instability in the global credit and financial markets;
Our exposure to currency exchange rate fluctuations, or declining economic conditions in those countries where we conduct our business;
Changes in our effective tax rate resulting from changes in the tax rates imposed by jurisdictions where our profits are determined to be earned and taxed, expiration of tax holidays in certain jurisdictions, resolution of issues arising from tax audits with various authorities or changes in tax laws or the interpretation of such tax laws;
Our ability to identify suitable acquisition targets and successfully integrate and manage acquired businesses; and
Unexpected delays, difficulties and expenses in executing against our environmental, climate, diversity and inclusion or other ESG targets, goals and commitments outlined in this report.
This report contains ESG-related statements based on hypothetical scenarios and assumptions as well as estimates that are subject to a high level of uncertainty, and these statements should not necessarily be viewed as being representative of current or actual risk or performance, or forecasts of expected risk or performance. In addition, historical, current, and forward-looking environmental and social-related statements may be based on standards for measuring progress that are still developing, and internal controls and processes that continue to evolve. Forward-looking and other statements in this report may also address our corporate responsibility and sustainability progress, plans, and goals, and the inclusion of such statements is not an indication that these contents are necessarily material for the purposes of complying with or reporting pursuant to the U.S. federal securities laws and regulations, even if we use the word “material” or “materiality” in this report.
For a more detailed discussion of these and other risk factors, that might cause or contribute to differences from the forward looking statements in this report, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in Item 1, “Business” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this report. You should carefully review these risks and also review the risks described in other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q that we will file in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2023. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, and we expressly assume no obligation and do not intend to update the forward-looking statements in this report after the date hereof.
iii

Table of Contents
PART I
ITEM 1.BUSINESS
Certain industry and technical terms used in this section are defined in the subsection entitled “Glossary” found at the end of this Item 1.
The Company
KLA Corporation and its majority-owned subsidiaries (“KLA” or the “Company” and also referred to as “we,” “our,” “us,” or similar references) is a supplier of industry-leading equipment and services that enables innovation throughout the electronics industry. We provide advanced process control and process-enabling solutions for manufacturing wafers, reticles, chemicals/materials, integrated circuits (“IC” or “chip”), packaged ICs, printed circuit boards (“PCB”), and flat panel displays (“FPD”), as well as comprehensive support and services across our installed base. Our suite of advanced products, coupled with our unique yield management software and services, allow us to deliver the solutions our customers need to achieve their productivity goals, including improving yields and reducing waste, by significantly reducing their risks and costs and improving their overall profitability and return on investment.
KLA was formed as KLA-Tencor in April 1997 through the merger of KLA Instruments Corporation and Tencor Instruments, two long-time leaders in the semiconductor capital equipment industry that began operations in 1975 and 1976, respectively. On February 20, 2019, KLA completed the acquisition of Orbotech, Ltd. (“Orbotech”), a global supplier of yield-enhancing and process-enabling solutions for the manufacture of electronics products, in order to target growth opportunities in new and expanding end markets. We are organized into four reportable segments: Semiconductor Process Control; Specialty Semiconductor Process; PCB, Display and Component Inspection; and Other.
Within the Semiconductor Process Control segment, our comprehensive portfolio of inspection, metrology and software products, and related services, help IC, wafer, reticle and chemical/materials manufacturers achieve target yields throughout the entire fabrication process, from R&D to final volume production. These products and services are designed to provide comprehensive solutions to help customers accelerate development and production ramp cycles, achieve higher and more stable product yields and improve their overall profitability.
Within the Specialty Semiconductor Process segment, which includes the SPTS business, KLA develops and sells advanced vacuum deposition and etching process tools, which are used by a broad range of specialty semiconductor customers, including manufacturers of microelectromechanical systems (“MEMS”), radio frequency (“RF”) communication semiconductors, and power semiconductors for automotive and industrial applications.
Within the PCB, Display and Component Inspection segment, which includes the PCB, FPD, Frontline and ICOS businesses, KLA enables electronic device manufacturers to inspect, test and measure PCBs, FPDs and packaged ICs to verify their quality, pattern the desired electronic circuitry on the relevant substrate and perform three-dimensional shaping of metalized circuits on multiple surfaces.
Additional information about KLA is available at www.kla.com. The Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are available free of charge on the website as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. Information contained on KLA’s website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or KLA’s other filings with the SEC. Additionally, these filings may be obtained through the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov), which contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically.
Investors and others should note that KLA announces material financial information to investors using an investor relations website (ir.kla.com), which includes KLA’s SEC filings, press releases, public earnings calls and conference webcasts. The investor relations website is used to communicate with the public about the Company, products, services and other matters.
Industry
KLA’s core focus is enabling technological advances as well as improving manufacturing yields in the semiconductor industry. The semiconductor fabrication process begins with a bare silicon wafer - a round disk that is typically 200 millimeters or 300 millimeters in diameter, about as thick as a credit card and gray in color. The process of manufacturing wafers is highly sophisticated and involves the creation of large ingots of silicon by pulling them out of a vat of molten silicon. The ingots are then sliced into wafers. Prime silicon wafers are then polished to a mirror finish. Other, more specialized wafers, such as epitaxial silicon (“epi”), silicon on insulator (“SOI”), gallium nitride (“GaN”) and silicon carbide (“SiC”) are also common in the semiconductor industry.
1

Table of Contents
The manufacturing cycle of an IC is grouped into three phases: design, fabrication and testing. IC design involves the architectural layout of the circuit, as well as design verification and reticle generation. The fabrication of a semiconductor chip (or “semiconductor”) is accomplished by depositing a series of film layers that act as conductors, semiconductors or insulators on bare wafers. The deposition of these film layers is interspersed with numerous other process steps that create circuit patterns, remove portions of the film layers, and perform other functions such as heat treatment, measurement and inspection. Most advanced chip designs require hundreds of individual steps, many of which are performed multiple times. The majority of chips consist of two main structures: the lower structure, typically consisting of transistors or capacitors which perform the “smart” functions; and the upper “interconnect” structure, typically consisting of circuitry which connects the components in the lower structure. When the layers on the wafer have been fabricated, each chip on the wafer is tested for functionality. The wafer is then cut into individual chips, and the chips that pass functional testing are packaged. Final testing is performed on all packaged chips. Packaged chips are then mounted onto PCBs for connection to the rest of the electronic system. Additionally, FPDs are manufactured using processes similar to ICs (e.g., film deposition, photolithography, etching) except using glass as the starting substrate.
Our business depends upon the capital expenditures of semiconductor, semiconductor-related and electronic device manufacturers, which in turn is driven by the current and anticipated market demand for ICs, products utilizing ICs and other electronic components. We do not consider our business to be seasonal in nature, but it has historically been cyclical with respect to the capital equipment procurement practices of semiconductor, semiconductor-related and electronic device manufacturers, and it is impacted by the investment patterns of such manufacturers in different global markets. Downturns in the semiconductor or other industries in which we operate, or slowdowns in the worldwide economy as well as customer consolidation, could have a material adverse effect on our future business and financial results.
Companies that anticipate future market demands by developing and advancing new technologies and manufacturing processes are better positioned to lead in the semiconductor market. Accelerating the yield ramp and maximizing production yields of high-performance devices are key goals of modern semiconductor manufacturing. Ramping to high-volume production ahead of competitors can dramatically increase the revenue an IC manufacturer realizes for a given product. Leading semiconductor manufacturers are investing in simultaneous production integration of multiple new process technologies, some requiring new substrate and film materials, new geometries, new transistor architectures, new power distribution schemes, advanced multi-patterning optical and extreme ultraviolet (“EUV”) lithography, and advanced packaging techniques. While many of these technologies have been adopted at the development and pilot production stages of semiconductor manufacturing, significant challenges and risks associated with each technology have affected the adoption of these technologies into high-volume production. For example, as design rules decrease, yields become more sensitive to the size and density of defects. Device performance characteristics (namely speed, capacity or power management) also become more sensitive to parameters such as linewidth and film thickness variation. New process materials require extensive characterization before they can be used in the manufacturing process. Moving several of these advanced technologies into production at once only adds to the risks that chipmakers face. The continuing evolution of semiconductors to smaller geometries and more complex multi-level circuitry has significantly increased the performance and cost requirements of the capital equipment used to manufacture these devices. Construction of an advanced IC fabrication facility today can cost well above $10 billion, substantially more than previous-generation facilities. In addition, chipmakers are demanding increased productivity and higher returns from their manufacturing equipment and are also seeking ways to extend the performance of their existing equipment.
The semiconductor capital equipment industry is currently experiencing multiple growth drivers bolstered by demand for semiconductors from leading edge foundry and logic manufacturers to support computational power and connectivity for markets such as artificial intelligence (“AI”) and 5G wireless technology. Growth of virtual engagement and the pace of digitization have been driven by COVID-19 related travel restrictions and quarantines, work from home requirements, and advances in healthcare and industrial applications. These factors together with the increasing adoption of electric vehicles and intelligence in automobiles are powering leading-edge design node technology investments and capacity expansions. Intertwined in these areas, spurred by the requirements of big data, is the growth in demand for memory chips. Regionalization of semiconductors has become a trend as access to semiconductors is viewed from the lens of national security. China continues to emerge as a major region for the manufacturing of logic and memory chips, adding to its role as the world’s largest consumer of ICs. Government initiatives are propelling China to expand its domestic manufacturing capacity. Although China is currently seen as an important long-term growth region for the semiconductor capital equipment sector, the U.S. Department of Commerce (“Commerce”) has added certain China-based entities to the U.S. Entity List, restricting our ability to provide products and services to such entities without a license. In addition, Commerce has imposed export licensing requirements on China-based customers engaged in military end uses, as well as requiring our customers to obtain an export license when they use certain semiconductor capital equipment based on U.S. technology to manufacture products connected to Huawei or its affiliates. While these new rules have not significantly impacted our operations to date, such actions by the U.S. government or another country could impact our ability to provide our products and services to existing and potential customers and adversely affect our business.
2

Table of Contents
Research and Development
The market for semiconductor and electronics industries is characterized by rapid technological development and product innovation. These technical innovations are inherently complex and require long development cycles and appropriate professional staffing. We make significant investments in product R&D for the timely development of new products and enhancements necessary to maintain our competitive position. Accordingly, we devote a significant portion of our human and financial resources to R&D programs and seek to maintain close relationships with customers to remain responsive to their needs.
Our key R&D activities during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 involved the development of process control and process-enabling solutions for a broad range of industries including semiconductors, PCBs and displays. For information regarding our R&D expenses during the last three fiscal years, see Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The strength of our competitive positions in many of our existing markets is largely due to our leading technology, which is the result of our continuing significant investments in product R&D. Even during down cycles in the semiconductor industry, we have remained committed to significant engineering efforts toward both product improvement and new product development in order to enhance our competitive position.
Customers
We count among our largest customers the leading semiconductor, semiconductor-related and electronic device manufacturers in Asia, the U.S. and Europe. Our future performance will depend, in part, on our ability to continue to compete successfully in Asia, one of the largest markets for our equipment. Our ability to compete in this area is dependent upon the continuation of favorable trading relationships between countries in the region and the U.S,, and our continuing ability to maintain satisfactory relationships with leading semiconductor companies in the region.
For the fiscal years ended June 30, 2022, 2021 and 2020, the following customers each accounted for more than 10% of total revenues, primarily in the Semiconductor Process Control segment:
Year Ended June 30,
202220212020
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company LimitedTaiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company LimitedTaiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Sales, Service and Marketing
Our sales, service and marketing efforts are aimed at building deep long-term relationships with our customers. We focus on providing comprehensive resources for the full breadth of process control, process-enabling and yield management solutions for manufacturing and testing wafers and reticles, ICs, packaging, light-emitting diodes (“LED”), power devices, compound semiconductor devices, MEMS, data storage, PCBs and flat and flexible panel displays, as well as general materials research. Our revenues are derived primarily from product sales and related service contracts, mostly through our direct sales force.
We believe that the size and location of our field sales, service and applications engineering, and marketing organizations represent a competitive advantage in our served markets. We have direct sales forces in Asia, the U.S. and Europe. We maintain an export compliance program that is designed to meet the requirements of Commerce and the U.S. Department of State.
In addition to sales and service offices in the U.S., we conduct sales, marketing and services out of subsidiaries or branches in many countries, some of the largest include China, Germany, Israel, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and the United Kingdom. We believe that sales outside the U.S. will continue to be a significant percentage of our total revenues. International revenues accounted for approximately 90%, 89%, and 89% of our total revenues in the fiscal years ended June 30, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Additional information regarding our revenues from foreign operations for our last three fiscal years can be found in Note 19 “Segment Reporting and Geographic Information” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
International sales and operations may be adversely affected by the imposition of governmental controls, restrictions on export technology, political instability, trade restrictions, changes in tariffs and the difficulties associated with staffing and managing international operations. In addition, international sales may be adversely affected by the economic conditions in each country and by fluctuations in currency exchange rates, and such fluctuations may negatively impact our ability to compete on price with local providers or the value of revenues we generate from our international business. Although we attempt to manage some of the currency risk inherent in non-U.S. dollar product sales through hedging activities, there can be
3

Table of Contents
no assurance that such efforts will be adequate. These factors, as well as any of the other risk factors related to our international business and operations that are described in Item 1A “Risk Factors,” could have a material adverse effect on our future business and financial results.
Products
KLA develops industry-leading equipment and services that enable innovation throughout the electronics industry. We provide advanced process control and process-enabling solutions for manufacturing wafers, reticles, ICs, packaging, PCBs, and flat and flexible panel displays.
The Semiconductor Process Control segment offers a comprehensive portfolio of inspection, metrology and software products and related services, which support the semiconductor ecosystem from R&D to final volume production. For IC manufacturing, our systems support production of all chip types including advanced logic, DRAM, 3D NAND, power devices, MEMS, legacy design node chips and more. Our substrate manufacturing systems support the production of a broad range of wafer types and sizes including silicon, prime silicon SOI, sapphire, glass, wide bandgap substrates (e.g., SiC, GaN) and more. Our reticle systems support quality control during manufacturing of optical and EUV reticle types. We also produce products that support chemical/materials quality control, and process tool development and qualification. Our products and services for IC, wafer, reticle, original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) and chemical/materials manufacturing are designed to provide comprehensive solutions that help our customers accelerate development and production ramp cycles, achieve higher and more stable product yields and improve their overall profitability. The Semiconductor Process Control segment offers a variety of solutions and products, including:
SegmentTechnologiesProducts
Semiconductor Process Control
IC Manufacturing: Wafer Inspection and Review
Inspection and review tools are used to identify, locate, characterize, review, and analyze defects on various surfaces of patterned and unpatterned wafers.
39xx Series, 29xx Series, C20x Series, eSL10™, Voyager® Series, 8 Series, Puma™ Series, CIRCL™, Surfscan® Series, eDR7xxx™ Series, Kronos™ Series.
IC Manufacturing: Wafer Metrology
Metrology tools are used to measure pattern dimensions, film thicknesses, layer-to-layer alignment, pattern placement, surface topography and electro-optical properties for wafers.
Archer™ Series, ATL™ Series, SpectraShape™ Series, SpectraFilm™ Series, Aleris® Series, PWG™ Series, Therma-Probe® Series, OmniMap® RS-xxx Series, MicroSense® product family, CAPRES product family.
Wafer and Substrate: Defect Inspection and Metrology
Defect inspection and metrology systems are used to help substrate manufacturers manage quality throughout the wafer fabrication process by assessing wafer geometry and surface quality, and detecting defects.
Surfscan® Series, WaferSight™ Series, Candela® Series, MicroSense® product family.
Reticle Defect Inspection and Metrology
Reticle inspection and metrology systems help blank, reticle and IC manufacturers identify defects and pattern placement errors.
Teron™ SL6xx Series, Teron™ 6xx Series, TeraScan™ 5xx Series, X5.x™ Series, FlashScan® Series, LMS IPRO Series.
Chemical/Materials: Quality Analysis
Chemical process control equipment qualifies incoming supplies, manages tool inputs, adjusts chamber/bath conditions and monitors process waste.
ECI Technology product family.
4

Table of Contents
IC and OEM Manufacturing: In Situ Process Management and Wafer Handling Diagnostics Wired and wireless sensor wafers and reticles provide comprehensive data used to visualize, diagnose and control process conditions in the equipment used to manufacture chips and reticles. Additional wafer diagnostic solutions help troubleshoot and monitor materials handling to help detect and predict mechanical behaviors that may cause wafer damage.
SensArray® product family, InnerSense product family.
Software Products
Data analysis systems centralize and analyze the data produced by inspection, metrology and process systems for IC, reticle and wafer manufacturing. These systems provide run-time process control, defect excursion identification, process corrections and defect classification to accelerate yield learning rates and reduce production risk. Patterning simulation systems use advanced models to explore critical-feature designs and manufacturability of lithography and patterning technologies.
Klarity® product family, 5D Analyzer®, OVALis, Anchor product family, RDC, FabVision® Series, ProDATA™, PROLITH™, I-PAT®
Refurbished and Remanufactured Products
Inspection and metrology systems support manufacture of larger design node chips.
KLA Pro products.
A range of industries, including general scientific and materials research and optoelectronics, require measurements of surface topography and film thickness to either control their processes or research new material characteristics. These general purpose and lab applications tools are offered under our KLA Instruments™ brand.
SegmentTechnologiesProducts
Semiconductor Process Control
General Purpose/Lab Application
Specialty Semiconductor Manufacturing, Benchtop Metrology, Surface Characterization and Electrical Property Measurement.
Candela® Series, HRP® -260, ZetaScan 800 Series, Zeta™ Series, Tencor™ P Series, Nano Indenter® Series, Alpha-Step® Series, Filmetrics® Series, iMicro, iNano®, Profilm3D® Series, T150 UTM, NanoFlip, InSEM® HT.
The Specialty Semiconductor Process segment develops and sells advanced vacuum deposition and etching process tools, which are used by a broad range of specialty semiconductor customers, including manufacturers of MEMS, RF communication chips and power semiconductors for automotive and industrial applications. The PCB, Display and Component Inspection segment enables electronic device manufacturers to inspect, test and measure PCBs, FPDs and packaged ICs to verify their quality, pattern the desired electronic circuitry on the relevant substrate and perform three-dimensional shaping of metalized circuits on multiple surfaces. The Specialty Semiconductor Process and PCB, Display and Component Inspection segments offer a variety of solutions and products, including:

5

Table of Contents
SegmentTechnologiesProducts
Specialty Semiconductor Process
Specialty Semiconductor Manufacturing
Etch, plasma dicing, deposition and other wafer processing technologies and solutions for the semiconductor and microelectronics industry.
SPTS Omega® Series, SPTS Sigma® Series, SPTS Delta™ Series, SPTS Primaxx® Series, SPTS Xactix® Series, SPTS Mosaic™ Series, SPTS MVD Series.
PCB, Display and Component Inspection
PCB
Direct imaging, inspection, optical shaping, additive printing, and computer-aided manufacturing and engineering solutions for the PCB market.
Orbotech Nuvogo™ Series, Orbotech Paragon™ Series, Orbotech Diamond™ Series, Orbotech Infinitum™ Series, Orbotech Ultra Dimension™ Series, Orbotech Ultra Fusion™/ Fusion™ Series, Orbotech Discovery™ II Series, Orbotech Precise™ Series, Orbotech Ultra PerFix™/ PerFix™ Series, Orbotech Neos™ Series, Orbotech Sprint™ Series, Orbotech Emerald™ Series, Orbotech Apeiron™ Series, Frontline product family.
Display
Inspection and electrical testing systems to identify and classify defects, as well as systems to repair defects for the display market.
Orbotech Quantum™ Series, Orbotech Flare™ Series, Orbotech Array Checker™ Series, Orbotech Ignite™ Series, Orbotech Array Saver, Orbotech Prism™ Series, Orbotech OASIS.
Component
Inspection and metrology systems for quality control and yield improvement in advanced and traditional semiconductor packaging markets.
ICOS™ F16x, ICOS™ Tx Series, Zeta™-5xx/6xx.
Services
Our service programs enable our customers in all business sectors to maintain the high performance and productivity of our products through a flexible array of service options. Whether a manufacturing site is producing wafers, reticles, ICs, display or PCB products, our highly trained service teams collaborate with customers to determine the best products and services to meet technology and business requirements.
Backlog
Our backlog, which represents our performance obligation to deliver products and services, totaled $13.11 billion and $4.69 billion as of June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and primarily consists of sales orders where written customer requests have been received. We expect to recognize approximately 40% to 50% of these performance obligations as revenue beyond the next 12 months, but this estimate is subject to constant change depending on the following: supply chain constraints; customer slot change requests as well as pushouts and cancellations, usually with limited or no penalties; and potential elevated demand levels, which could require even longer lead times. The growth that we have experienced over the past few years has resulted in higher levels of backlog. The supply chain disruptions caused by the ongoing pandemic as well as favorable market trends have led to customers agreeing to purchase equipment from us with lead times that are longer than our historical experience. As the lead times for delivery of our equipment get longer, the risk increases that customers may choose to change their equipment orders due to the evolution of the customer's technological, production or market needs. This could result in order modifications, rescheduling or even cancellations that may not be communicated to us in a timely manner, causing backlog to remain elevated until agreed with the customer. Customer communication delays for orders already placed could affect our ability to respond quickly in weakening demand environments, which could harm our results of operations.
Because customers can potentially change delivery schedules or delay or cancel orders, and because some orders are received and shipped within the same quarter, our shipment backlog at any particular date is not necessarily indicative of business volumes or actual sales for any succeeding periods. The historical cyclicality of the semiconductor industry combined with the lead times from our suppliers sometimes result in timing disparities between, on the one hand, our ability to manufacture, deliver and install products and, on the other, the requirements of our customers. In our efforts to balance the requirements of our customers with the availability of resources, management of our operating model and other factors, we often must exercise discretion and judgment as to the timing and prioritization of manufacturing, deliveries and installations of products, which may impact the timing of revenue recognition with respect to such products.
Manufacturing, Raw Materials and Supplies
We perform system design, assembly and testing in-house and utilize an outsourcing strategy for the manufacture of components and major subassemblies. Our in-house manufacturing activities consist primarily of assembling and testing components and subassemblies that are acquired through third-party vendors and integrating those subassemblies into our
6

Table of Contents
finished products. Our principal manufacturing activities take place in the U.S., Singapore, Israel, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy and China. Our supply chain strategy adheres to ethical labor practices, responsible minerals sourcing, and Responsible Business Alliance and SEMI guidelines.
Some critical parts, components and subassemblies (collectively, “parts”) that we use are designed by us and manufactured by suppliers in accordance with our specifications, while other parts are standard commercial products. We use numerous vendors to supply parts and raw materials for the manufacture and support of our products. Although we make reasonable efforts to ensure that these parts and raw materials are available from multiple suppliers, this is not always possible, and certain parts and raw materials included in our systems may be obtained only from a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers. Through our business interruption planning, we endeavor to minimize the risk of production interruption by, among other things, monitoring the financial condition of suppliers of key parts and raw materials, providing financial support and incentives to encourage vendors to increase capacity when required, identifying (but not necessarily qualifying) possible alternative suppliers of such parts and materials, and ensuring adequate inventories of key parts and raw materials are available to maintain manufacturing schedules.
Although we seek to reduce our dependence on sole and limited source suppliers, in some cases the partial or complete loss of certain of these sources, or disruptions within our suppliers’ often complex supply chains, could disrupt scheduled deliveries to customers, damage customer relationships and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Competition
The worldwide market for technologically advanced process control, process-enabling and yield management solutions used by semiconductor and electronics manufacturers is highly competitive, with important competitive factors including system performance, ease of use, reliability, technical service and support, and overall cost of ownership. However, we believe that, while the competitive factors listed are important, the customers’ overriding requirement is for systems that easily and effectively incorporate automated capabilities into their existing development and manufacturing processes to enhance productivity, improve yields and reduce waste. To remain competitive, we use significant financial resources to offer a broad range of products, to maintain customer service and support centers worldwide, and to invest in product R&D. In each of our product markets, we have many competitors, including companies such as Applied Materials, Inc., ASML Holding N.V., Hitachi High-Technologies Corporation, Onto Innovation, Inc. and Lasertec, Inc., some of which may have greater financial, research, engineering, manufacturing and marketing resources than we have. We expect our competitors to continue to improve the design and performance of their current products and to introduce new products with improved price and performance characteristics. We may also face future competition from new market entrants overseas or domestically. We maintain our market position by building long-term relationships with our customers to meet their dynamic needs as well as anticipating future market demands and enabling our customers to accelerate adoption and production of new technologies, as discussed further in the “Industry” section of this Item 1. Management believes that we are well positioned in the market with our industry-leading portfolio of products and services. However, any loss of competitive position could negatively impact our prices, customer orders, revenue, gross margin and market share. Should this occur, it could negatively impact our operating results and financial condition.
Acquisitions
We continuously evaluate strategic acquisitions and alliances to expand our technologies, product offerings and distribution capabilities. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including management issues and costs in connection with integration of the operations, technologies and products of the acquired companies, and the potential loss of key employees of the acquired companies. The inability to manage these risks effectively could negatively impact our operating results and financial condition.
Patents and Other Proprietary Rights
We protect our proprietary technology through reliance on a variety of intellectual property laws, including patent, copyright and trade secret. We have filed and obtained a number of patents in the U.S. and abroad and intend to continue pursuing the legal protection of our technology through intellectual property laws. In addition, from time to time we acquire license rights under U.S. and foreign patents and other proprietary rights of third parties, and we attempt to protect our trade secrets and other proprietary information through confidentiality and other agreements with our customers, suppliers, employees and consultants and through other security measures.
Although we consider patents and other intellectual property significant to our business, no single patent, copyright or trade secret is essential to us as a whole or to any of our business segments.
No assurance can be given that patents will be issued on any of our applications, that license assignments will be made as anticipated, or that our patents, licenses or other proprietary rights will be sufficiently broad to protect our technology. No
7

Table of Contents
assurance can be given that any patents issued to or licensed by us will not be challenged, invalidated or circumvented or that the rights granted thereunder will provide us with a competitive advantage. In addition, there can be no assurance that we will be able to protect our technology or that competitors will not be able to independently develop similar or functionally competitive technology.
Government Regulations
We are subject to a variety of federal, state and local governmental laws and regulations worldwide, including laws and regulations related to anti-corruption, antitrust, data privacy, employment, environmental, foreign exchange controls, health and safety, immigration, import/export, intellectual property and tax. Compliance with these laws and regulations did not have in fiscal 2022, and is not expected to have in fiscal 2023, a material effect on our capital expenditures, financial condition, results of operations or competitive position.
However, any failure to comply with laws and regulations may subject us to a range of consequences including fines, suspension of certain of our business activities, limitations on our ability to sell our products, obligations to remediate in the case of environmental contamination, and criminal and civil liabilities or other sanctions. Changes in environmental laws and regulations could require us to invest in potentially costly pollution control equipment, alter our manufacturing processes or use substitute materials. Our failure to comply with laws and regulations could subject us to future liabilities.
Environmental, Social and Governance Initiatives
KLA strives to proactively manage and address the ESG topics most important to our stakeholders. We have integrated ESG considerations into many of our business practices and policies, and work together with our customers, peers, partners and suppliers to promote improvement in human rights, labor, environment, health and safety, anti-corruption, ethics and management system standards within our operations and our supply chain. Our ESG initiatives are another way in which KLA seeks to deliver long-term value for our stockholders and they exemplify our core values. For more on our core values, refer to the “Human Capital Management” section of this Item 1.
We have an ESG Steering Committee composed of global leaders within the organization that implements and executes our ESG strategy under the oversight of the KLA executive team and the Board of Directors. Training and awareness are central to the success of the strategy, and, as part of its responsibilities, the steering committee evaluates our policies and practices including our Code of Business Conduct to promote an effective outcome and adherence by our employees. Our ESG strategy is organized into four pillars based on the areas where we believe we have the greatest opportunities to make positive impacts:
Advancing Innovation: As a technological innovator, we seek to deliver solutions for our customers to increase production yields, reduce waste, and meet their own profitability and sustainability goals. Refer to “Research and Development” and “Patents and Other Proprietary Rights” of this Item 1 for more information on our efforts for advancing innovation. In addition to legal protections, we also work to protect our operations through a significant focus on cybersecurity. In addition to 24/7 monitoring through our KLA Security Operations Center, we engage in other initiatives such as cybersecurity assessments, employee training on cybersecurity issues and compliance monitoring. Our cybersecurity efforts are spearheaded by our Chief Information Security Officer, and cybersecurity updates are provided to the Audit Committee quarterly, or more frequently as needed.
Advancing Stewardship: We work across our global footprint to shape a more sustainable future. Our company-wide Environmental Management Policy establishes a commitment to complying with all applicable environmental laws and standards across company locations globally. KLA is committed to protecting and respecting our environment and energy resources for future generations throughout our manufacturing operations. As part of our efforts in striving to be better, we’ve established goals around climate and energy, waste and water management. For example, we have set a goal to use 100% renewable electricity across our global operations by 2030.
Advancing Opportunity: It is our goal to work together to harness the untapped human potential of a more just and inclusive world. Refer to the “Human Capital Management” and “Manufacturing, Raw Materials and Supply” sections of this Item 1 for information on our diversity and inclusion, human rights, health and safety initiatives.
Advancing Leadership: We aim to empower today’s leaders as well as tomorrow’s leaders by infusing our values in everything we do. Refer to the “Human Capital Management” and “Government Regulations” sections of this Item 1 for examples of our employee-centric culture and our commitment to operating our business responsibly in compliance with regulations and best practices worldwide.
For more information on ESG, see KLA’s 2019-2020 Global Impact Report on our website; however, this citation is provided solely for informational purposes and the content of KLA's Global Impact Report is expressly not incorporated by reference into this filing. We include details in our Global Impact Report that are not included in this Form 10-K because we
8

Table of Contents
seek to be responsive to various areas of interest of our stakeholders; however, such information generally does not have a material effect on our capital expenditures, financial condition, results of operations or competitive position. In addition, no assurance can be given that our ESG initiatives will have the intended results or be able to be completed as currently envisioned, whether due to cost, feasibility or other constraints.
Human Capital Management
At KLA, our people drive our success, and we celebrate the diversity of backgrounds and experiences that all employees bring to the table. We recognize that our competitive advantage is our people and the technology they develop. As talent and retention continue to be a challenging issue for many companies, we strive to work proactively to address these concerns. We believe it is critical to attract, motivate and retain a dedicated, talented, and innovative team of employees who exhibit our core values. We also aim to support employees’ personal and professional growth. Our talent development programs focus on developing the whole person through comprehensive training offerings, employee engagement programs and health & wellness activities. We embrace our responsibility to lead through exceptional training programs and professional development and through enabling our employees to be safe, secure, healthy and feel included and empowered to bring their full self to work.
Our Core Values
At KLA, our core values – demonstrating perseverance; striving to be better; being honest, forthright, and consistent; building high-performing teams; and being indispensable to our customers – serve as a foundation for our relationships with employees, customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders and reflect a commitment to ethical business practices and corporate citizenship in the places where we do business.
Our Workforce
As of June 30, 2022, we had approximately 14,000 regular full-time employees and approximately 280 part-time and temporary employees in facilities located in 19 countries. Approximately 30% of our regular full-time employees are located in the U.S., 22% in Europe and Middle Eastern countries and 48% in Asia Pacific and Japan, with approximately 20% engaged in manufacturing, 26% in R&D, 31% in customer service, 4% in sales and marketing, and 19% in other roles. Except for our employees in Belgium (where a trade union delegation has been recognized) and our employees in the German operations of our MIE business unit (who are represented by employee works council), none of our employees are represented by a labor union. We have not experienced work stoppages and believe that our employee relations are good.
In fiscal year 2022, our overall turnover rate was 7.4%.
Compensation and Benefits
At KLA, our talent is the heartbeat of our organization. We value our employees as individuals and aim to recognize and support their needs so they can bring their best selves to work every day. We engage with our employees about what they need to be successful in and out of the workplace. We seek to achieve our objective of attracting, retaining, and motivating our workforce by linking a significant portion of compensation to Company and business unit performance. We seek competitiveness and fairness in total compensation with reference to peer comparisons and internal equity. In the first half of fiscal 2022 we performed a mid-year salary review and made adjustments to improve our competitiveness in the market. We enable employees to share in the success of the Company through various programs including an Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), equity compensation including restricted stock units (“RSU”), profit sharing and bonus plans.
In addition to providing our employees with competitive compensation packages, we have built out a robust suite of benefits to help foster the well-being of all employees. Our benefits are designed to meet the needs of employees and their families, including paid time off, parental leave, bereavement leave, health insurance coverage, flexible work arrangements, contributions to retirement savings and access to employee assistance and work-life programs.
We offer programs to employees to help improve their health and wellness habits. KLA’s virtual and in-person wellness course offerings span both physical and mental health. We offer in-person and virtual workout classes as well as seminars on mindfulness, meditation and other wellness topics. We hold online fitness classes that include body-tune up, yoga and other well-being classes like maintaining life balance, nutrition, importance of sleep, hydration and relaxation. Throughout our sites, we host a series of events and challenges, both virtually and in person, to encourage our employees to stay active. Our wellness program helps employees manage and improve their health and build healthy lifestyle habits in engaging ways.
We expanded hybrid work options and telecommuting. As the COVID-19 pandemic persisted through fiscal 2021 and into fiscal 2022, many working parents faced challenges balancing working from home and caring for their families’ needs. At KLA, we recognized those challenges and expanded our benefits to include remote learning and childcare leave for employees in the U.S. and some of our other locations. We offered parenting webinars through our Connecting Employees website for
9

Table of Contents
parents to learn more about adolescent mental health. Some sessions have included helping teens through COVID-19, talking to children about racism, and supporting children with anxiety. We also offer courses on financial literacy and planning to help our employees prepare for their financial futures.
Inclusion and Diversity
The journey to becoming a truly inclusive and diverse global organization takes time, and we are deeply committed to this path. At KLA, Inclusion & Diversity (“I&D”) is a shared aspiration, commitment and responsibility, as well as a direct expression of our core values. We celebrate the diversity of our employees, customers and partners, and we are committed to fostering a culture of conscious inclusion.
Throughout fiscal 2022, we continued to strengthen our engagement on I&D. We are an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and have increased our efforts to recruit, develop and retain a more diverse workforce with a focus on those historically underrepresented in the technology field, including women, Black and Hispanic/Latinx candidates.
Over the last fiscal year, we increased our I&D efforts in several ways. We continue to provide digital versions of our Values in Action training modules with a continued focus on I&D. New managers can hone their skills on unconscious bias, non-discrimination, and anti-harassment, and are introduced to a model of conscious inclusion that emphasizes key leadership qualities.
We also expanded our Employee Resource Groups (“ERG”) to engage employees in service of our I&D goals. In addition to the ERG called WISE (Women in STEM, Empowered), an employee-led group that includes people of all genders who have joined to support the professional growth of women at KLA and foster an inclusive environment, Konexión, our Hispanic/Latinx ERG where employees can interact and innovate through cultural sharing and understanding of the Latinx community, and MOSAIC, which comprises a diverse group of employees at KLA’s second North American headquarters in Ann Arbor, Michigan working together to build a culture of inclusion across all dimensions, all of which were launched in 2020, KLA also launched BELIEVE (Black Employees Leading in Inclusion, Excellence, Values and Education) in fiscal 2022. This ERG supports the recruitment and advancement of Black talent, while also promoting cultural awareness, understanding and allyship of the Black community. Our newest ERG is PRISM, where Pride, Respect, Inclusion and Solidarity Meet. PRISM's mission is to amplify KLA's commitment to equality and inclusion by encouraging a safe and open working environment for LGBTQ+ employees and allies.
As of June 30, 2022, our global workforce was 80% male, 18% female and 2% gender undisclosed, and 8% of our workforce in the U.S. was composed of Black or African American, and/or Hispanic/Latinx employees.
Learning and Development
We offer our employees opportunities to advance their careers at KLA. We emphasize stretch assignments, on-the job development, as well as classroom and online training. Our employees have access to a wide range of programs, workshops, classes and resources to help them excel in their careers and share what they know with others. Our performance management process includes performance feedback against goals, a review of key competencies that are needed to be successful at KLA and career development discussions.
We emphasize frequent 1-on-1 meetings between managers and employees and regular coaching and feedback sessions. Through coaching and mentorship programs, our employees are inspired to push the boundaries of their comfort zones and seek creative solutions.
If our employees pursue external learning opportunities and education, we support that too, through tuition reimbursement. Through our partnerships with San Jose State University and the University of Michigan, employees can pursue advanced degrees in engineering that are customized for KLA, and the skills and competencies required to support our customers. We also offer a competitive student loan reimbursement program in the U.S.
We have a robust succession planning process especially targeted at director level positions and above. Our Enterprise Leadership Program, a comprehensive, two-year management training program that we offer, helps to prepare KLA employees to fill future leadership roles. In fiscal year 2022, several of our managers and leaders went through the program. Additionally, our Values in Action training which was also targeted at the director level and above provided further guidance on our values, business ethics and about inclusion and diversity.
Most of our employees are also required to take annual training courses and regular certifications related to their work, including those pertaining to the environment, data privacy and workplace health and safety.
10

Table of Contents
Employee Engagement
We conduct regular employee surveys to check in with our global workforce and obtain input on several topics. The feedback we receive from these surveys helps us assess employee sentiment, identify areas of improvement, and guides our decision-making as it relates to people management. In addition, our executives conduct regular weekly and quarterly webcasts. These global webcasts enable all employees to engage with senior leaders and ask questions in an open Q&A session.
As we began to emerge from the global pandemic in fiscal 2022 in parts of the world, many employees sought connection as never before. Through our annual Employee Engagement Surveys, which had an 85% response rate in fiscal year 2022, we identified the top priorities in a post-pandemic world. We created action plans to act on these priorities and engaged our workforce in identifying potential solutions to address these top concerns. Even though our survey rated our level of engagement as being “good,” we realize that we have several opportunities for improvement and will continue to involve our employees in seeking ways we can get even better.
Employee Health and Safety and Pandemic Response
The health and safety of our employees is paramount to our success. We are committed to providing a safe and healthy workplace for all employees. We accomplish this through strict compliance with applicable laws and regulations regarding workplace safety, including recognition and control of workplace hazards, tracking injury and illness rates, utilizing a global travel health program and maintaining detailed emergency and disaster recovery plans.
KLA’s top priority during the COVID-19 pandemic has been and continues to be protecting the health and safety of our employees and their families, our customers, and our community. The continuing demands of COVID-19 required that we build upon our global approach to employee health and safety (“EHS”) with strong collaboration across the regions. This has resulted in the adoption of best practices for each of our sites, improving business resiliency and EHS worldwide. In addition, our flexible work options have enabled employees to remain safely at home during quarantines to support their families and prevent cross-contamination in the workplace. Through this period we continued the implementation of an infectious disease playbook, work from home programs, health check protocols, screenings for all employees working on-site, new process workflows at physical sites to ensure reduced contact for employees working on-site, contact tracing processes and protocols, quarantining and testing protocols for exposure and positive tests, on-site vaccination clinics, travel guidelines and protocols to ensure employees who must travel for work can do so safely and phased return-to-work plans and approval processes to enable non-manufacturing employees to return-to-work when permitted by local government regulations.
Our goal is always zero accidents across our facilities, and to achieve that, we proactively conduct risk assessments and audits to constantly improve our efforts. We implemented a global standard for our incidents to ensure consistency across our regions, and continually outperform industry averages for injury rates. We are committed to reducing safety risks across business units and at corporate sites worldwide. We revised our approach to risk assessments to “risk rank” our own operations. We are utilizing this system not only to measure our own performance, but also to help improve the performance in our supply chain and with our customers. Our excellent safety record is a tribute to our employees' efforts, the breadth and depth of our training programs, and our dedication to safety policy management. All new hires are required to complete a health and safety training program. In addition, our service technicians are required to achieve and maintain role-specific safety training certifications.
We made a commitment to globalize our ISO 45001 (Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems) certification and expand our ISO 14001 (Environmental Management Systems) certification beyond our larger sites. The goal is to execute these plans through calendar year 2024.
11

Table of Contents
Glossary
This section provides definitions for certain industry and technical terms commonly used in our business, that are used elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
compound semiconductorA semiconductor formed from chemical elements in two or more different groups in the periodic table (ex. III-V). The composition of these materials influences their properties, resulting in different performance than silicon when used in electronics. Primary examples include SiC, GaN, gallium arsenide (GaAs), and indium phosphide (InP).
design rulesRules that set forth the allowable dimensions of particular features used in the design and layout of ICs.
dieA single semiconductor chip on a wafer.
epitaxial silicon (“epi”)A substrate technology based on growing a crystalline silicon layer on top of a silicon wafer. The added layer, where the structure and orientation are matched to those of the silicon wafer, includes dopants (impurities) to imbue the substrate with special electronic properties.
etchingA process step in which layers of material are removed from a semiconductor wafer in a specific pattern.
excursionFor a manufacturing step or process, a deviation from normal operating conditions that can lead to decreased performance or yield of the final product.
fabThe main manufacturing facility for processing semiconductor wafers.
flat panel display (“FPD”)A display appliance that uses a thin panel design. Also includes flexible displays.
geometryThe surface shape of an object, such as the 3D shape of a semiconductor device structure or the shape of base or patterned wafers
in situOf processing steps or tests, done without moving the wafer. Latin for “in original position.”
ingotA piece of pure metal intended to be processed. In semiconductors, a silicon ingot is typically created in such a way that slicing cross-sections creates bare wafers.
interconnectA highly conductive material, usually copper or aluminum, which carries electrical signals to different parts of a die.
internet of things (“IoT”)A network of devices with the ability to transfer data without human interaction.
light emitting diode (“LED”)A semiconductor device that releases electromagnetic radiation (light) when current flows through it. The bandgap of the semiconductor material determines the wavelength (color) of the light emitted.
lithographyA process in which a masked pattern is projected onto a photosensitive coating that covers a substrate.
metrologyThe science of measurement to determine dimensions, quantity or capacity. In the semiconductor industry, typical measurements include critical dimension, overlay and film thickness.
microelectromechanical systems (“MEMS”)Micron-sized mechanical devices powered by electricity, created using processes similar to those used to manufacture IC devices.
micron
A metric unit of linear measure that equals 1/1,000,000 meter (10-6m), or 10,000 angstroms (the diameter of a human hair is approximately 75 microns).
12

Table of Contents
patternedFor semiconductor manufacturing and industries using similar processing technologies, substrates that have electronic circuits (transistors, interconnects, etc.) fabricated on the surface.
photovoltaicThe property of semiconductor devices to create electric current through exposure to sunlight.
printed circuit board (“PCB”)A board used to mechanically support and electrically connect various electrical and mechanical components.
process controlThe ability to maintain specifications of products and equipment during manufacturing operations.
reticleA very flat glass plate that contains the patterns to be reproduced on a wafer.
silicon on insulator (“SOI”)A substrate technology comprised of a thin top silicon layer separated from the silicon substrate by a thin insulating layer of glass or silicon dioxide, used to improve performance and reduce the power consumption of IC circuits.
substrateA wafer or other material on which layers of various materials are added during the process of manufacturing semiconductor devices (circuits), FPDs or PCBs.
unpatternedFor semiconductor manufacturing and industries using similar processing technologies, substrates that do not have electronic circuits (transistors, interconnects, etc.) fabricated on the surface. These can include bare silicon wafers, other bare substrates or substrates on which blanket films have been deposited.
yield managementThe ability of a semiconductor manufacturer to oversee, manage and control its manufacturing processes so as to maximize the percentage of manufactured wafers or die that conform to pre-determined specifications.
__________________ 
The definitions above are from internal sources, as well as online semiconductor dictionaries such as https://www.semiconductors.org/semiconductors-101/frequently asked questions/. Such citation is for informational purposes only and the content referenced is not otherwise incorporated by reference herein.


13

Table of Contents
ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS
A description of factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition or operating results is provided below.
Risk Factors Summary
The following summarizes the most material risks that make an investment in our securities risky or speculative. If any of the following risks occur or persist, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially harmed and the price of our common stock could significantly decline.
COVID-19 Pandemic Risks
Shortages or disruption in the supply chain could affect our ability to timely process components for our products;
Travel bans, lockdowns, or quarantine requirements could delay our ability to install or service our products;
Governmental orders or employee exposure could cause manufacturing stoppages for us or our customers or suppliers;
Continued volatility and uncertainty in customer demand for our products, delivery pushouts or cancellations of orders by our customers;
Increased costs or inability to acquire components necessary for the manufacture of our products;
Absence of liquidity at customers and suppliers; and
Loss of efficiencies and increased cybersecurity risks due to remote working requirements for our employees.
Commercial, Operational, Financial and Regulatory Risks
Risks related to our international operations, such as tariffs or similar trade impairments, and longer payment cycles or collection difficulties associated with international sales;
Our vulnerability to a weakening in the condition of the financial markets and the global economy;
Intellectual property disputes can be expensive and could result in an inability to sell our products in certain jurisdictions;
Laws, rules, regulations or other orders that may limit our ability to sell our products or provide service on products previously sold to certain customers;
Increasing attention to ESG matters, including any targets or other ESG initiatives, could result in additional costs or risks or adversely impact our business;
We may be unable to attract, onboard and retain key personnel;
Reliance on third-party service providers could result in disruptions if such third parties cannot perform services for us in a timely manner;
Cybersecurity incidents could result in the loss of valuable information or assets or subject us to costly disruption, remediation, regulatory investigations, litigation and reputational damage;
We may face disruptions if we cannot access critical information in a timely manner due to system failures;
We may not find suitable acquisition candidates or fail to successfully integrate our acquisitions;
Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, health epidemics, acts of terrorism or war or other catastrophic events, and the lack of insurance thereof, could significantly disrupt our operations for lengthy periods of time;
We are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and the market values of our portfolio investments;
We are subject to tax and regulatory compliance audits;
Economic, political or other conditions in the jurisdictions where we earn profits can impact the tax laws and taxes we pay in those jurisdictions, subsequently impacting our effective tax rate, cash flows and results of operations;
Increased compliance costs with federal securities laws, rules, and regulations, as well as NASDAQ requirements; and
Changes in accounting pronouncements and laws could have unforeseen effects.
Industry Risks
We may not be able to keep pace with trends and technological changes in the industries in which we operate;
We have a highly concentrated customer base; and
Prevailing local and global economic conditions may negatively affect the purchasing decisions of our customers.
14

Table of Contents
Business Model and Capital Structure Risks
We may not be able to maintain our technology advantage or protect our proprietary rights;
We may not be able to compete with new products introduced by our competitors;
We may not receive components necessary to build our products in a timely manner;
We may fail to operate our business in a manner consistent with our business plan;
We may fail to comply with the covenants in our Revolving Credit Facility and Senior Notes (as defined below), which could impair our ability to borrow needed funds, or require us to repay debt sooner than we planned;
We may not have sufficient financial resources to repay our indebtedness when it becomes due and our leveraged capital structure may divert resources from operations and other corporate uses;
We may not be able to declare cash dividends at all or in any particular amounts;
Risks related to our commercial terms and conditions, including our indemnification of third parties, as well as the performance of our products;
Our government funding for R&D is subject to termination, audit and any further penalties;
We may incur significant restructuring charges or other asset impairment charges or inventory write-offs; and
We are subject to risks related to receivables factoring arrangements, and compliance risk of certain settlement agreements with the government.
For a more complete discussion of the material risks facing our business, see below.
Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic
The current COVID-19 pandemic and the potential aftereffects from it could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused substantial global disruptions, including in the jurisdictions where we conduct business and may cause additional disruptions in the future, which are impossible to predict. Local, regional and national authorities in numerous jurisdictions have implemented a variety of measures designed to slow the spread of the virus, including social distancing guidelines, quarantines, banning of non-essential travel and requiring the cessation of non-essential activities on the premises of businesses. In 2022, the Chinese government implemented lockdowns in two of its larger economic hubs, Shenzhen and Shanghai. Lockdowns in major economic hubs such as Shenzhen and Shanghai have led to additional supply chain challenges and could cause delays in the delivery of goods in or around impacted areas, which could both harm our ability to obtain components for our products in a timely manner, delay the delivery of our products in and around those areas, delay installation of our products in those areas or affect customer acceptance processes due to resource mobility restrictions. Any delays in delivering or installing our products could adversely impact the timing of our revenue recognition. While all of our global manufacturing sites are currently operational, any local pandemic outbreaks or the advent of new variants could require us to temporarily curtail production levels or temporarily cease operations based on government mandates.
Despite the wide availability of COVID-19 vaccines in the U.S. and in other parts of the world, we are unable to predict how effective they will continue to be in preventing the spread of COVID-19 (including its variant strains). In addition, although there has been improvement in the global economy since the severe effects of the COVID-19 pandemic at its onset, many macroeconomic variables remain dynamic and we continue to experience constraints in our supply chain as discussed below.
Some of the risks associated with the pandemic or a worsening of the pandemic in the future include:
Cancellation or reduction of routes available from common carriers, which may cause delays in our ability to deliver or service our products or receive components from suppliers necessary to manufacture or service our products;
Shortages or disruption in the supply chain could affect our ability to procure components for our products on a timely basis or at all, or could require us to commit to increased purchases and provide longer lead times to secure critical components, which could increase inventory obsolescence risk (refer to the Executive Summary in Part II, Item 7 “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for additional information on supply constraints related to the COVID-19 pandemic);
Travel bans, lockdowns or the requirement to quarantine for a lengthy period after entering a jurisdiction, which may delay our ability to install the products we sell or service those products following installation;
Governmental orders or employee exposure requiring us, our customers or our suppliers to discontinue manufacturing products at our or their respective facilities for a period of time;
15

Table of Contents
Continued volatility and uncertainty in customer demand for our products, delivery pushouts or cancellation of orders by our customers caused by a global recession resulting from the pandemic and the measures implemented by authorities to slow the spread of COVID-19;
Increased costs or inability to acquire components necessary for the manufacture of our products due to reduced availability or rising inflation;
Absence of liquidity at customers and suppliers caused by disruptions from the pandemic, which may hamper the ability of customers to pay for the products they purchase on time or at all, or hamper the ability of our suppliers to continue to supply components to us in a timely manner or at all; and
Loss of efficiencies due to remote working requirements for our employees.
If any of the foregoing risks occur or intensify during this pandemic, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.
Commercial, Operational, Financial and Regulatory Risks
A majority of our annual revenues are derived from outside the US, and we maintain significant operations outside the US. We are exposed to numerous risks as a result of the international nature of our business and operations.
A majority of our annual revenues are derived from outside the U.S., and we maintain significant operations outside the U.S. We expect that these conditions will continue in the foreseeable future. Managing global operations and sites located throughout the world presents a number of challenges, including but not limited to:
Global trade issues and changes in and uncertainties with respect to trade policies, including the ability to obtain required import and export licenses, trade sanctions, tariffs and international trade disputes;
Political and social attitudes, laws, rules, regulations and policies within countries that favor domestic companies over non-domestic companies, including customer- or government-supported efforts to promote the development and growth of local competitors;
Ineffective or inadequate legal protection of intellectual property rights in certain countries;
Managing cultural diversity and organizational alignment;
Exposure to the unique characteristics of each region in the global market, which can cause capital equipment investment patterns to vary significantly from period to period;
Periodic local or international economic downturns;
Potential adverse tax consequences, including withholding tax rules that may limit the repatriation of our earnings, and higher effective income tax rates in foreign countries where we do business;
Compliance with customs regulations in the countries in which we do business;
Existing and potentially new tariffs or other trade restrictions and barriers (including those applied to our products, spare parts and services, or to parts and supplies that we purchase);
Political instability, natural disasters, legal or regulatory changes, acts of war such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine or terrorism in regions where we, our customers or our suppliers have operations or where we or they do business;
Rising inflation and fluctuations in interest and currency exchange rates may adversely impact our ability to compete on price with local providers or the value of revenues we generate from our international business. Although we attempt to manage some of our near-term currency risks through the use of hedging instruments, there can be no assurance that such efforts will be adequate;
Our ability to receive prepayments for certain of our products and services sold in certain jurisdictions. These prepayments increase our cash flows for the quarter in which they are received. If our practice of requiring prepayments in those jurisdictions changes or deteriorates, our cash flows would be harmed;
Longer payment cycles and difficulties in collecting accounts receivable outside of the U.S.;
Difficulties in managing foreign distributors (including monitoring and ensuring our distributors’ compliance with applicable laws); and
Inadequate protection or enforcement of our intellectual property and other legal rights in foreign jurisdictions.
In addition, government controls, either by the U.S. or other countries, that restrict our business overseas or restrict our ability to import or export our products and services or increase the cost of our operations through the imposition of broad sanctions, trade restrictions, tariffs, new controls, outright bans, or otherwise, could harm our business. For example, Commerce has added numerous China-based entities to the U.S. Entity List, including Fujian Jinhua Integrated Circuit Company, Ltd., Huawei and Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation, restricting our ability to provide products and services to
16

Table of Contents
such entities without an export license. Even if we apply for licenses to sell our products or provide services to companies on Commerce’s U.S. Entity List, there can be no assurance that licenses will be granted. In addition, Commerce has imposed export licensing requirements on China-based customers engaged in military end uses or where Commerce has determined there is a risk of diversion to a military end use, as well as requiring our customers to obtain an export license when they use certain semiconductor capital equipment based on U.S. technology to manufacture products connected to Huawei or its affiliates. To date, these rules have not significantly impacted our operations, but we are continually monitoring their impact. If additional companies are added to Commerce’s U.S. Entity List, or other licensing requirements or restrictions are imposed, thereby limiting our ability to sell our products or services to other customers in China, our business could be significantly harmed. Similar actions by the U.S. government or another country could impact our ability to provide our products and services to existing and potential customers.
Any of the factors above could have a significant negative impact on our business and results of operations.
We are exposed to risks associated with a weakening in the condition of the financial markets and the global economy.
Demand for our products is ultimately driven by the global demand for electronic devices by consumers and businesses. Economic uncertainty frequently leads to reduced consumer and business spending, and can cause our customers to decrease, cancel or delay their equipment and service orders. The tightening of credit markets, rising interest rates and concerns regarding the availability of credit can make it more difficult for our customers to raise capital, whether debt or equity, to finance their purchases of capital equipment, including the products we sell. Reduced demand, combined with delays in our customers’ ability to obtain financing (or the unavailability of such financing), has at times in the past adversely affected our product and service sales and revenues and therefore has harmed our business and operating results, and our operating results and financial condition may again be adversely impacted if economic conditions decline from their current levels.
In addition, a decline in the condition of the global financial markets could adversely impact the market values or liquidity of our investments. Our investment portfolio includes corporate and government securities, money market funds and other types of debt and equity investments. Although we believe our portfolio continues to be comprised of sound investments due to the quality and (where applicable) credit ratings of such investments, a decline in the capital and financial markets or rising interest rates would adversely impact the market value of our investments and their liquidity. If the market value of such investments were to decline, or if we were to have to sell some of our investments under illiquid market conditions, we may be required to recognize an impairment charge on such investments or a loss on such sales, either of which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and operating results.
If we are unable to timely and appropriately adapt to changes resulting from difficult macroeconomic conditions, our business, financial condition or results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.
We might be involved in claims or disputes related to intellectual property or other confidential information that may be costly to resolve, prevent us from selling or using the challenged technology and seriously harm our operating results and financial condition.
As is typical in the industries in which we serve, from time to time we have received communications from other parties asserting the existence of patent rights, copyrights, trademark rights or other intellectual property rights which they believe cover certain of our products, processes, technologies or information. In addition, we occasionally receive notification from customers who believe that we owe them indemnification or other obligations related to intellectual property claims made against such customers by third parties. With respect to intellectual property infringement disputes, our customary practice is to evaluate such infringement assertions and to consider whether to seek licenses where appropriate. However, there can be no assurance that licenses can be obtained or, if obtained, will be on acceptable terms or that costly litigation or other administrative proceedings will not occur. The inability to obtain necessary licenses or other rights on reasonable terms could seriously harm our results of operations and financial condition. Furthermore, we may potentially be subject to claims by customers, suppliers or other business partners, or by governmental law enforcement agencies, related to our receipt, distribution and/or use of third-party intellectual property or confidential information. Legal proceedings and claims, regardless of their merit, and associated internal investigations with respect to intellectual property or confidential information disputes are often expensive to prosecute, defend or conduct; may divert management’s attention and other Company resources; and/or may result in restrictions on our ability to sell our products, settlements on significantly adverse terms or adverse judgments for damages, injunctive relief, penalties and fines, any of which could have a significant negative effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. There can be no assurance regarding the outcome of future legal proceedings, claims or investigations. The instigation of legal proceedings or claims, our inability to favorably resolve or settle such proceedings or claims, or the determination of any adverse findings against us or any of our employees in connection with such proceedings or claims could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as our business reputation.
17

Table of Contents
We are exposed to various risks related to the legal, regulatory and tax environments in which we perform our operations and conduct our business.
We are subject to various risks related to compliance with laws, rules and regulations enacted by legislative bodies and/or regulatory agencies in the countries in which we operate and with which we must comply, including environmental, safety, antitrust, anti-corruption/anti-bribery, unclaimed property, economic sanctions and export control regulations. We have policies and procedures designed to promote compliance with applicable law, but there can be no assurance our policies and procedures will prove completely effective in ensuring compliance by all our personnel, business partners and representatives, for whose misconduct we may under some circumstances be legally responsible. Our failure or inability to comply with existing or future laws, rules or regulations in the countries in which we operate could result in government investigations and/or enforcement actions, which could result in significant financial cost (including investigation expenses, defense costs, assessments and criminal or civil penalties), reputational harm and other consequences that may adversely affect our operating results, financial condition and ability to conduct our business. For instance, in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the U.S., European Union and other countries have imposed sanctions against Russia, Belarus and certain other regions, entities and individuals, and may impose additional sanctions, export controls or other measures. The imposition of sanctions, export controls and other measures could adversely impact our business including preventing us from performing existing contracts, recognizing revenue, pursuing new business opportunities or receiving payment for products already supplied or services already performed with customers.
Additionally, we are subject to various domestic and international environmental laws and regulations, including those that control and restrict the use, transportation, emission, discharge, storage, and disposal of certain chemicals, gases and other substances. Any failure to comply with applicable environmental laws, regulations or requirements may subject us to a range of consequences, including fines, suspension of certain of our business activities, limitations on our ability to sell our products, obligations to remediate environmental contamination, and criminal and civil liabilities or other sanctions. Some of these laws impose strict liability for certain releases, which may require us to incur costs regardless of fault or the legality of actions at the time of release. In addition, changes in environmental laws and regulations (including any relating to climate change and greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions) could require us, or others in our value chain, to install additional equipment, alter operations to incorporate new technologies or processes, or revise process inputs, among other things, which may cause us to incur significant costs or otherwise adversely impact our business performance. Various agencies and governmental bodies have expressed particular interest in promulgating rules relating to climate change. For example, in March 2022, the SEC published a proposed rule that would require companies to provide significantly expanded climate-related disclosures in their Form 10-K, which may require us to incur significant additional costs to comply and impose increased oversight obligations on our management and Board of Directors. We also face increasing complexity in our manufacturing, product design and procurement operations as we adjust to new and prospective requirements relating to the composition of our products, including restrictions on lead and other substances and requirements to track the sources, production methods, or provenance of certain metals and other materials. The cost of complying, or of failing to comply, with these and other regulatory requirements or contractual obligations could adversely affect our operating results, financial condition and ability to conduct our business.
From time to time, we may receive inquiries, subpoenas, investigative demands or audit notices from governmental or regulatory bodies, or we may make voluntary disclosures, related to legal, regulatory or tax compliance matters, and these matters may result in significant financial cost (including investigation expenses, defense costs, assessments and criminal or civil penalties), reputational harm and other consequences that could materially and adversely affect our operating results and financial condition. In addition, we may be subject to new or amended laws, including laws that conflict with other applicable laws, which may impose compliance challenges and create the risk of non-compliance.
In addition, we may from time to time be involved in legal proceedings or claims regarding employment, immigration, contracts, product performance, product liability, antitrust, environmental regulations, securities, unfair competition and other matters. These legal proceedings and claims, regardless of their merit, may be time-consuming and expensive to prosecute or defend, divert management’s attention and resources, and/or inhibit our ability to sell our products. There can be no assurance regarding the outcome of current or future legal proceedings or claims, which could adversely affect our operating results, financial condition and ability to operate our business.
Increasing attention to ESG matters, including any targets or other ESG initiatives, could result in additional costs or risks or adversely impact our business.
Certain investors, capital providers, shareholder advocacy groups, other market participants, customers and other stakeholder groups have focused increasingly on companies’ ESG initiatives, including those regarding climate change, human rights and I&D, among others. This may result in increased costs, changes in demand for certain types of products, enhanced compliance or disclosure obligations and costs, or other adverse impacts on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
18

Table of Contents
From time to time, we create and publish voluntary disclosures regarding ESG matters. Identification, assessment, and disclosure of such matters is complex. Many of the statements in such voluntary disclosures are based on our expectations and assumptions, which may require substantial discretion and forecasts about costs and future circumstances. Additionally, expectations regarding companies’ management of ESG matters continues to evolve rapidly, in many instances due to factors that are out of our control. In addition, organizations that provide information to investors on corporate governance and related matters have developed rating processes on evaluating companies on their approach to ESG matters. Such ratings are used by some investors to inform their investment and voting decisions. Unfavorable ESG ratings could lead to increased negative investor sentiment toward us, our customers, or our industry, which could negatively impact our share price as well as our access to and cost of capital. To the extent ESG matters negatively impact our reputation, it may also impede our ability to compete as effectively to recruit or retain employees, which may adversely affect our operations.
Although we may participate in various voluntary frameworks and certification programs, or establish voluntary ESG initiatives, to improve the ESG profile of our operations and product offerings, we cannot guarantee that such efforts will have the intended results. For example, in December 2021, we announced a goal to use 100% renewable electricity across our global operations by 2030. Our estimates concerning the timing and cost of implementing this and other goals are subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which are outside of our control. Any failure, or perceived failure, to successfully achieve our voluntary goals, or the manner in which we achieve some or any portion of our goals, could adversely impact our reputation or, to the extent related to sustainability-linked capital sources, financial condition and results of operations. Our ESG efforts may also include the adoption, or expansion, of certain ESG practices or policies, which may require us to expend additional resources to implement or to forego certain business opportunities to the extent others in our value chain do not meet pertinent requirements of such policies. By contrast, any failure, or perceived failure, to conform to such policies could have an adverse impact on our reputation and business activities. Our performance may be subject to greater scrutiny as a result of our announcement of any goals or policies and the publication of our performance against the same. Moreover, despite the voluntary nature of such efforts, we may receive pressure from external sources, such as lenders, investors or other groups, to adopt more aggressive climate or other ESG-related initiatives; however, we may not agree that such initiatives will be appropriate for our business, and we may not be able to implement such initiatives because of potential costs or technical or operational obstacles. In addition, we note that certain ESG matters are becoming less “voluntary” as regulators, including the SEC, begin proposing and adopting regulations regarding ESG matters, including, but not limited to climate change-related matters. To the extent we are subject to increased regulatory requirements, we could become subject to increased compliance-related costs and risks, including potential enforcement and litigation. Such ESG matters may also impact our suppliers and customers, which may compound or cause new impacts on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
We depend on key personnel to manage our business effectively, and if we are unable to attract, retain and motivate our key employees, our sales and product development could be harmed.
Our employees are vital to our success, and our key management, engineering and other employees are difficult to replace. We generally do not have employment contracts with our key employees. Further, we do not maintain key person life insurance on any of our employees. The expansion of high technology companies worldwide and the elevated demand for talent from the growth in the demand for semiconductors following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has increased demand and competition for qualified personnel. Competition for engineering and other technical personnel in many areas of the world in which we operate is especially intense due to the proliferation of technology companies worldwide. In addition, current or future immigration laws, policies or regulations may limit our ability to attract, hire and retain qualified personnel. If we are unable to attract, onboard and retain key personnel, or if we are not able to attract, assimilate, onboard and retain additional highly qualified employees to meet our current and future needs, our business and operations could be harmed.
We outsource a number of services to third-party service providers, which decreases our control over the performance of these functions. Disruptions or delays at our third-party service providers could adversely impact our operations.
We outsource a number of services, including our transportation, information systems management and logistics management of spare parts and certain accounting and procurement functions, to domestic and overseas third-party service providers. While outsourcing arrangements may lower our cost of operations, they also reduce our direct control over the services rendered. It is uncertain what effect such diminished control will have on the quality or quantity of products delivered or services rendered, on our ability to quickly respond to changing market conditions, or on our ability to ensure compliance with all applicable domestic and foreign laws and regulations. In addition, many of these outsourced service providers, including certain hosted software applications that we use for confidential data storage, employ cloud computing technology for such storage. These providers’ cloud computing systems may be susceptible to “cyber incidents,” such as intentional cyber-attacks aimed at theft of sensitive data or inadvertent cyber-security compromises, which are outside of our control. If we do not effectively develop and manage our outsourcing strategies, if required export and other governmental approvals are not timely obtained, if our third-party service providers pass on the cost of inflation to us or do not perform as anticipated, or do not adequately protect our data from cyber-related security breaches, or if there are delays or difficulties in enhancing business
19

Table of Contents
processes, we may experience operational difficulties (such as limitations on our ability to ship products), increased costs, manufacturing or service interruptions or delays, loss of intellectual property rights or other sensitive data, quality and compliance issues, and challenges in managing our product inventory or recording and reporting financial and management information, any of which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We depend on secure information technology for our business and are exposed to risks related to cybersecurity threats and cyber incidents affecting our, our customers, suppliers and other service providers systems and networks.
In the conduct of our business, we collect, use, transmit and store data on information systems and networks, including systems and networks owned and maintained by KLA and/or by third-party providers. This data includes confidential information, transactional information and intellectual property belonging to us, our customers and our business partners, as well as personally identifiable information of individuals. Despite network security and other measures, our, our customers’, suppliers’ and other third-party providers’ information systems and networks are susceptible to computer viruses, ransomware, cyber-related security breaches and similar disruptions from unauthorized intrusions, tampering, misuse, or criminal acts made directly against, or through our third-party providers in the supply chain, and against, our systems and networks, including phishing, or other events or developments that we may be unable to anticipate or fail to mitigate, including but not limited to vulnerabilities or misconfigurations in information systems, networks, software or hardware. We have experienced cyber-related attacks in the past, and are likely to experience cyber-related attacks in the future. Our security measures may also be breached due to employee errors, malfeasance, or otherwise. Third parties may also attempt to influence employees, users, suppliers or customers to disclose sensitive information in order to gain access to our, our customers’ or business partners’ data. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access to the information systems change frequently, may not be recognized until launched against a target and are increasingly designed to circumvent controls, avoid detection and remove or obfuscate forensic artifacts, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques, implement adequate preventative measures, or adequately identify, investigate and recover from cybersecurity incidents.
Any cybersecurity incident or occurrence could impact our business directly, or indirectly by impacting third parties in the supply chain, in many potential ways: disruptions to operations; misappropriation, corruption or theft of confidential information, including intellectual property and other critical data, of KLA, our customers or other business partners; misappropriation of funds and Company assets; reduced value of our investments in research, development and engineering; litigation with, or payment of damages to, third parties; reputational damage; costs to comply with regulatory inquiries or actions; data privacy issues; costs to rebuild our information systems and networks; and increased cybersecurity protection and remediation costs. Cybersecurity incidents affecting our customers could result in substantial delays in our ability to ship to those customers or install our products, which could result in delays in revenue recognition or the cancellation of orders, and cybersecurity incidents affecting our suppliers could result in substantial delays in our ability to obtain necessary components for our products from those suppliers, which could hamper our ability to ship our products to our customers, harming our results of operations.
We carry insurance that provides limited protection against the potential losses arising from a cybersecurity incident but it will not likely cover all such losses, and the losses it does not cover may be significant.
We rely upon certain critical information systems for our daily business operations. Our inability to use or access our information systems at critical points in time could unfavorably impact our business operations.
Our global operations are dependent upon certain information systems, including telecommunications, the internet, our corporate intranet, network communications, email and various computer hardware and software applications. System failures or malfunctions, such as difficulties with our customer relationship management system, could disrupt our operations and our ability to timely and accurately process and report key components of our financial results. Our enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system is integral to our ability to accurately and efficiently maintain our books and records, record transactions, provide critical information to our management, and prepare our financial statements. Any disruptions or difficulties that may occur in connection with our ERP system or other systems (whether in connection with the regular operation, periodic enhancements, modifications or upgrades of such systems or the integration of our acquired businesses into such systems, or due to cybersecurity events such as ransomware attacks) could adversely affect our ability to complete important business processes, such as the evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Any of these events could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
Acquisitions are an important element of our strategy but, because of the uncertainties involved, we may not find suitable acquisition candidates and we may not be able to successfully integrate and manage acquired businesses. We are also exposed to risks in connection with strategic alliances into which we may enter.
In addition to our efforts to develop new technologies from internal sources, part of our growth strategy is to pursue acquisitions and acquire new technologies from external sources. As part of this effort, in February 2019, we announced that we
20

Table of Contents
had consummated our acquisition of Orbotech. We may also enter into definitive agreements for and consummate acquisitions of, or significant investments in, businesses with complementary products, services and/or technologies. There can be no assurance that we will find suitable acquisition candidates, that we can close such acquisitions or that acquisitions we complete will be successful. In addition, we may use equity to finance future acquisitions, which would increase our number of shares outstanding and be dilutive to current stockholders.
If we are unable to successfully integrate and manage acquired businesses, if the costs associated with integrating the acquired business exceeds our expectations, or if acquired businesses perform poorly, then our business and financial results may suffer. It is possible that the businesses we have acquired, as well as businesses we may acquire in the future, may perform worse than expected or prove to be more difficult to integrate and manage than anticipated. In addition, we may face other risks associated with acquisition transactions that may lead to a material adverse effect on our business and financial results, including:
We may have to devote unanticipated financial and management resources to acquired businesses;
The combination of businesses may result in the loss of key personnel or an interruption of, or loss of momentum in, the activities of our Company and/or the acquired business;
We may not be able to realize expected operating efficiencies or product integration benefits from our acquisitions;
We may experience challenges in entering into new market segments for which we have not previously manufactured and sold products;
We may face difficulties in coordinating geographically separated organizations, systems and facilities;
The customers, distributors, suppliers, employees and others with whom the companies we acquire have business dealings may have a potentially adverse reaction to the acquisition;
We may have difficulty implementing a cohesive framework of controls, procedures and policies appropriate for a larger, U.S.-based public company at companies that prior to acquisition may not have as robust controls, procedures and policies, particularly, with respect to the effectiveness of cyber and information security practices and incident response plans, compliance with data privacy and protection and other laws and regulations, and compliance with U.S.-based economic policies and sanctions which may not have previously been applicable to the acquired company’s operations;
We may have to write off goodwill or other intangible assets; and
We may incur unforeseen obligations or liabilities in connection with acquisitions including but not limited to cybersecurity risks associated with integrating our networks or systems with those of acquired entities.
At times, we may also enter into strategic alliances with customers, suppliers or other business partners with respect to development of technology and intellectual property. These alliances typically require significant investments of capital and exchange of proprietary, highly sensitive information. The success of these alliances depends on various factors over which we may have limited or no control and requires ongoing and effective cooperation with our strategic partners. Mergers and acquisitions and strategic alliances are inherently subject to significant risks, and the inability to effectively manage these risks could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.
Disruption of our manufacturing facilities or other operations or those of our suppliers, or in the operations of our customers, due to earthquake, flood, other natural catastrophic events, health epidemics or terrorism could result in cancellation of orders, delays in deliveries or other business activities, or loss of customers and could seriously harm our business.
We have significant manufacturing operations in the U.S., Singapore, Israel, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy and China. In addition, our business is international in nature, with our sales, service and administrative personnel and our customers and suppliers located in numerous countries throughout the world. Operations at our manufacturing facilities and our assembly subcontractors and those of our suppliers, as well as our other operations and those of our customers, are subject to disruption for a variety of reasons, including work stoppages, acts of war such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, terrorism, health epidemics and pandemics, fire, earthquake, volcanic eruptions, energy shortages or power blackouts, flooding or other natural disasters; and certain of these events may become more frequent or intense as a result of climate change. Such disruption could cause delays in, among other things, shipments of products to our customers, our ability to perform services requested by our customers, the ability of our suppliers to supply us components for our products in a timely manner, or the timely installation and acceptance of our products at customer sites. We cannot provide any assurance that alternate means of conducting our operations (whether through alternate production capacity or service providers or otherwise) would be available if a major disruption were to occur or that, if such alternate means were available, they could be obtained on favorable terms.
21

Table of Contents
In addition, as part of our cost-cutting actions, we have consolidated several operating facilities. Our California operations are now primarily centralized in our Milpitas facility. The consolidation of our California operations into a single campus could further concentrate the risks related to any of the disruptive events described above, such as acts of war or terrorism, earthquakes, fires or other natural disasters, if any such event were to impact our Milpitas facility.
We are predominantly uninsured for losses and interruptions caused by terrorist acts and acts of war. If international political instability continues or increases, our business and results of operations could be harmed.
The threat of terrorism targeted at, or acts of war in, the regions of the world in which we do business increases the uncertainty in our markets. Any act of terrorism or war that affects the economy or the industries we serve could adversely affect our business. Increased international political instability in various parts of the world, disruption in air transportation and further enhanced security measures as a result of terrorist attacks may hinder our ability to do business and may increase our costs of operations. We maintain significant operations in Israel. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, a number of armed conflicts have taken place between Israel and its Arab neighbors, and a state of hostility varying in degree and intensity has led to security and economic challenges for Israel. In addition, some of our employees in Israel are obligated to perform annual reserve duty in the Israel Defense Forces, and may be called to active military duty in emergency circumstances. We cannot assess the impact that emergency conditions in Israel in the future may have on our business, operations, financial condition or results of operations, but it could be material. Instability in any region could directly impact our ability to operate our business (or our customers’ ability to operate their businesses), cause us to incur increased costs in transportation, make such transportation unreliable, increase our insurance costs, and cause international currency markets to fluctuate. Instability in the region could also have the same effects on our suppliers and their ability to timely deliver their products. If international political instability continues or increases in any region in which we do business, our business and results of operations could be harmed. We are predominantly uninsured for losses and interruptions caused by terrorist acts and acts of war.
We self-insure certain risks including earthquake risk. If one or more of the uninsured events occurs, we could suffer major financial loss.
We purchase insurance to help mitigate the economic impact of certain insurable risks; however, certain risks are uninsurable, are insurable only at significant cost or cannot be mitigated with insurance. Accordingly, we may experience a loss that is not covered by insurance, either because we do not carry applicable insurance or because the loss exceeds the applicable policy amount or is less than the deductible amount of the applicable policy. For example, we do not currently hold earthquake insurance. An earthquake could significantly disrupt our manufacturing operations, a significant portion of which are conducted in California, an area highly susceptible to earthquakes. It could also significantly delay our research and engineering efforts on new products, much of which is also conducted in California. We take steps to minimize the damage that would be caused by an earthquake, but there is no certainty that our efforts will prove successful in the event of an earthquake. We self-insure earthquake risks because we believe this is a prudent financial decision based on our cash reserves and the high cost and limited coverage available in the earthquake insurance market. Certain other risks are also self-insured either based on a similar cost-benefit analysis, or based on the unavailability of insurance. If one or more of the uninsured events occurs, we could suffer major financial loss.
We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Although we hedge certain currency risks, we may still be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates or declining economic conditions in these countries.
We have some exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, primarily the Japanese Yen, the euro, the pound sterling and the Israeli new shekel. We have international subsidiaries that operate and sell our products globally. In addition, an increasing proportion of our manufacturing activities are conducted outside of the U.S., and many of the costs associated with such activities are denominated in foreign currencies. We routinely hedge our exposures to certain foreign currencies with certain financial institutions in an effort to minimize the impact of certain currency exchange rate fluctuations, but these hedges may be inadequate to protect us from currency exchange rate fluctuations. To the extent that these hedges are inadequate, or if there are significant currency exchange rate fluctuations in currencies for which we do not have hedges in place, our reported financial results or the way we conduct our business could be adversely affected. Furthermore, if a financial counterparty to our hedges experiences financial difficulties or is otherwise unable to honor the terms of the foreign currency hedge, we may experience material financial losses.
We are exposed to fluctuations in interest rates and the market values of our portfolio investments, and an impairment of our investments could harm our earnings. In addition, we and our stockholders are exposed to risks related to the volatility of the market for our common stock.
Our investment portfolio primarily consists of both corporate and government debt securities that are susceptible to
22

Table of Contents
changes in market interest rates and bond yields. As market interest rates and bond yields increase, those securities with a lower yield-at-cost show a mark-to-market unrealized loss. An impairment of the fair market value of our investments, even if unrealized, must be reflected in our financial statements for the applicable period and may, therefore, have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for that period.
In addition, the market price for our common stock is volatile and has fluctuated significantly during recent years. The trading price of our common stock could continue to be highly volatile and fluctuate widely in response to various factors, including without limitation conditions in the semiconductor industry and other industries in which we operate, fluctuations in the global economy or capital markets, our operating results or other performance metrics, or adverse consequences experienced by us as a result of any of the risks described elsewhere in this Item 1A. Volatility in the market price of our common stock could cause an investor in our common stock to experience a loss on the value of their investment in us and could also adversely impact our ability to raise capital through the sale of our common stock or to use our common stock as consideration to acquire other companies.
We are exposed to risks in connection with tax and regulatory compliance audits in various jurisdictions.
We are subject to tax and regulatory compliance audits (such as related to customs or product safety requirements) in various jurisdictions, and such jurisdictions may assess additional income or other taxes, penalties, fines or other prohibitions against us. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable and that our products and practices comply with applicable regulations, the final determination of any such audit and any related litigation could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions and accruals related to income taxes and other contingencies. The results of an audit or litigation could have a material adverse effect on our operating results or cash flows in the period or periods for which that determination is made.
A change in our effective tax rate can have a significant adverse impact on our business.
We earn profits in, and are therefore potentially subject to taxes in, the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions, including Singapore and Israel, the countries in which we earn the majority of our non-U.S. profits. Due to economic, political or other conditions, tax rates in those jurisdictions may be subject to significant change. A number of factors may adversely impact our future effective tax rates, such as the jurisdictions in which our profits are determined to be earned and taxed; changes in the tax rates imposed by those jurisdictions; expiration of tax holidays in certain jurisdictions that are not renewed; the resolution of issues arising from tax audits with various tax authorities; changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities; adjustments to estimated taxes upon finalization of various tax returns; increases in expenses not deductible for tax purposes, including write-offs of acquired in-process research and development (“IPR&D”) and impairment of goodwill in connection with acquisitions; changes in available tax credits; changes in stock-based compensation expense; changes in tax laws or the interpretation of such tax laws; changes in generally accepted accounting principles; and the repatriation of earnings from outside the U.S. for which we have not previously provided for U.S. taxes. A change in our effective tax rate can materially and adversely impact our results from operations.
In addition, recent changes to U.S. tax laws will significantly impact how U.S. multinational corporations are taxed on foreign earnings. We have completed our accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), which was enacted into law on December 22, 2017. However, the recent U.S. tax law changes are subject to future guidance from U.S. federal and state governments, such as the Treasury Department and/or the Internal Revenue Service. Any future guidance can change our tax liability. A significant portion of the income taxes due to the enactment of the Tax Act is payable by us over a period of eight years. As a result, our cash flows from operating activities will be adversely impacted until the tax liability is paid in full. Numerous countries are evaluating their existing tax laws due in part, to recommendations made by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project.
Compliance with federal securities laws, rules and regulations, as well as NASDAQ requirements, has become increasingly complex, and the significant attention and expense we must devote to those areas may have an adverse impact on our business.
Federal securities laws, rules and regulations, as well as NASDAQ rules and regulations, require companies to maintain extensive corporate governance measures, impose comprehensive reporting and disclosure requirements, set strict independence and financial expertise standards for audit and other committee members and impose civil and criminal penalties for companies and their chief executive officers, chief financial officers and directors for securities law violations. These laws, rules and regulations have increased, and in the future are expected to continue to increase, the scope, complexity and cost of our corporate governance, reporting and disclosure practices, which could harm our results of operations and divert management’s attention from business operations.
23

Table of Contents
A change in accounting standards or practices or a change in existing taxation rules or practices (or changes in interpretations of such standards, practices or rules) can have a significant effect on our reported results and may even affect reporting of transactions completed before the change is effective.
New accounting standards and taxation rules and varying interpretations of accounting pronouncements and taxation rules have occurred and will continue to occur in the future. Changes to (or revised interpretations or applications of) existing accounting standards or tax rules or the questioning of current or past practices may adversely affect our reported financial results or the way we conduct our business. Adoption of new standards may require changes to our processes, accounting systems, and internal controls. Difficulties encountered during adoption could result in internal control deficiencies or delay the reporting of our financial results.
Risks Associated with Our Industry
Ongoing changes in the technology industry, as well as the semiconductor industry in particular, could expose our business to significant risks.
The industries we serve, including the semiconductor, FPD and PCB industries, are constantly developing and changing over time. Many of the risks associated with operating in these industries are comparable to the risks faced by all technology companies, such as the uncertainty of future growth rates in the industries that we serve, pricing trends in the end-markets for consumer electronics and other products (which place a growing emphasis on our customers’ cost of ownership), rising inflation in the supply chain and interest rates, changes in our customers’ capital spending patterns and, in general, an environment of constant change and development, including decreasing product and component dimensions, use of new materials, and increasingly complex device structures, applications and process steps. If we fail to appropriately adjust our cost structure and operations to adapt to any of these trends, or, with respect to technological advances, if we do not timely develop new technologies and products that successfully anticipate and address these changes, we could experience a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
In addition, we face a number of risks specific to ongoing changes in the semiconductor industry, as a significant majority of our sales are our process control and yield management products sold to semiconductor manufacturers. The trends our management monitors in operating our business include the following:
The potential for reversal of the long-term historical trend of declining cost per transistor with each new generation of technological advancement within the semiconductor industry, and the adverse impact that such reversal may have upon our business;
The increasing cost of building and operating fabrication facilities and the impact of such increases on our customers’ capital equipment investment decisions;
Differing market growth rates and capital requirements for different applications, such as memory and foundry/logic;
Lower level of process control adoption by our memory customers compared to our foundry/logic customers;
Our customers’ reuse of existing and installed products, which may decrease their need to purchase new products or solutions at more advanced technology nodes;
The emergence of disruptive technologies that change the prevailing semiconductor manufacturing processes (or the economics associated with semiconductor manufacturing) and, as a result, also impact the inspection and metrology requirements associated with such processes;
The higher design costs for the most advanced ICs, which could economically constrain leading-edge manufacturing technology customers to focus their resources on only the large, technologically advanced products and applications;
The possible introduction of integrated products by our larger competitors that offer inspection and metrology functionality in addition to managing other semiconductor manufacturing processes;
Changes in semiconductor manufacturing processes that are extremely costly for our customers to implement and, accordingly, our customers could reduce their available budgets for process control equipment by reducing inspection and metrology sampling rates for certain technologies;
The bifurcation of the semiconductor manufacturing industry into (a) leading edge manufacturers driving continued R&D into next-generation products and technologies and (b) other manufacturers that are content with existing (including previous generation) products and technologies;
The ever escalating cost of next-generation product development, which may result in joint development programs between us and our customers or government entities to help fund such programs that could restrict our control and ownership of and profitability from the products and technologies developed through those programs; and
24

Table of Contents
The entry by some semiconductor manufacturers into collaboration or sharing arrangements for capacity, cost or risk with other manufacturers, as well as increased outsourcing of their manufacturing activities, and greater focus only on specific markets or applications, whether in response to adverse market conditions or other market pressures.
Any of the changes described above may negatively affect our customers’ rate of investment in the capital equipment that we produce, which could result in downward pressure on our prices, customer orders, revenues and gross margins. If we do not successfully manage the risks resulting from any of these or other potential changes in our industries, our business, financial condition and operating results could be adversely impacted.
We are exposed to risks associated with a highly concentrated customer base.
Our customer base, particularly in the semiconductor industry, historically has been highly concentrated due to corporate consolidation, acquisitions and business closures. In this environment, orders from a relatively limited number of manufacturers have accounted for, and are expected to continue to account for, a substantial portion of our sales. This increasing concentration exposes our business, financial condition and operating results to a number of risks, including the following:
The mix and type of customers, and sales to any single customer, may vary significantly from quarter to quarter and from year to year, which exposes our business and operating results to increased volatility tied to individual customers.
New orders from our foundry/logic customers in the past several years have constituted a significant portion of our total orders. This concentration increases the impact that future business or technology changes within the foundry/logic industry may have on our business, financial condition and operating results.
In a highly concentrated business environment, if a particular customer does not place an order, or if they delay or cancel orders, we may not be able to replace the business. Furthermore, because our process control and yield management products are configured to each customer’s specifications, any changes, delays or cancellations of orders may result in significant, non-recoverable costs.
As a result of this consolidation, the customers that survive the consolidation represent a greater portion of our sales and, consequently, have greater commercial negotiating leverage. Many of our large customers have more aggressive policies regarding engaging alternative, second-source suppliers for the products we offer and, in addition, may seek and, on occasion, receive pricing, payment, intellectual property-related or other commercial terms that may have an adverse impact on our business and we may not be able to pass on the cost of inflation to our customers. Any of these changes could negatively impact our prices, customer orders, revenues and gross margins.
Certain customers have undergone significant ownership changes, created alliances with other companies, experienced management changes or have outsourced manufacturing activities, any of which may result in additional complexities in managing customer relationships and transactions. Any future change in ownership or management of our existing customers may result in similar challenges, including the possibility of the successor entity or new management deciding to select a competitor’s products.
The highly concentrated business environment also increases our exposure to risks related to the financial condition of each of our customers. For example, as a result of the challenging economic environment during fiscal year 2009, we were (and, in some cases, continue to be) exposed to additional risks related to the continued financial viability of certain of our customers. To the extent our customers experience liquidity issues in the future, we may be required to incur additional credit losses with respect to receivables owed to us by those customers. In addition, customers with liquidity issues may be forced to reduce purchases of our equipment, delay deliveries of our products, discontinue operations or may be acquired by one of our customers, and, in either case, such event would have the effect of further consolidating our customer base.
Semiconductor manufacturers generally must commit significant resources to qualify, install and integrate process control and yield management equipment into a semiconductor production line. We believe that once a semiconductor manufacturer selects a particular supplier’s process control and yield management equipment, the manufacturer generally relies upon that equipment for that specific production line application for an extended period of time. Accordingly, we expect it to be more difficult to sell our products to a given customer for that specific production line application and other similar production line applications if that customer initially selects a competitor’s equipment.
Prices differ among the products we offer for different applications due to differences in features offered or manufacturing costs. If there is a shift in demand by our customers from our higher-priced to lower-priced products, our gross margin and revenues would decrease. In addition, when products are initially introduced, they tend to have higher costs because of initial development costs and lower production volumes relative to the previous product generation, which can impact gross margin.
Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.
25

Table of Contents
We operate in industries that have historically been cyclical, including the semiconductor industry. The purchasing decisions of our customers are highly dependent on the economies of both the local markets in which they are located and the condition of the industry worldwide. If we fail to respond to industry cycles, our business, financial condition and operating results could be adversely impacted.
The timing, length and severity of the up-and-down cycles in the industries in which we serve are difficult to predict. The historically cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry in which we primarily operate is largely a function of our customers’ capital spending patterns and need for expanded manufacturing capacity, which, in turn, are affected by factors such as capacity utilization, consumer demand for products, inventory levels and our customers’ access to capital. Cyclicality affects our ability to accurately predict future revenue and, in some cases, future expense levels. During down cycles in our industry, the financial results of our customers may be negatively impacted, which could result not only in a decrease in, or cancellation or delay of, orders (which are generally subject to cancellation or delay by the customer with limited or no penalty) but also a weakening of their financial condition that could impair their ability to pay for our products or our ability to recognize revenue from certain customers. Our ability to recognize revenue from a particular customer may also be negatively impacted by the customer’s funding status, which could be weakened not only by rising interest rates, adverse business conditions or inaccessibility to capital markets for any number of macroeconomic or company-specific reasons, but also by funding limitations imposed by the customer’s unique organizational structure. Any of these factors could negatively impact our business, operating results and financial condition.
When cyclical fluctuations result in lower than expected revenue levels, operating results may be adversely affected and cost reduction measures may be necessary for us to remain competitive and financially sound. During periods of declining revenues, we must be in a position to adjust our cost and expense structure to prevailing market conditions and to continue to motivate and retain our key employees. If we fail to respond, or if our attempts to respond fail to accomplish our intended results, our business could be seriously harmed. Furthermore, any workforce reductions and cost reduction actions that we adopt in response to down cycles may result in additional restructuring charges, disruptions in our operations and loss of key personnel. In addition, during periods of rapid growth, we must be able to increase manufacturing capacity and personnel to meet customer demand. We can provide no assurance that these objectives can be met in a timely manner in response to industry cycles. Each of these factors could adversely impact our operating results and financial condition.
The growth that we have experienced over the past few years has resulted in higher levels of backlog, or remaining performance obligations (“RPO”). The supply chain disruptions caused by the ongoing pandemic as well as favorable market trends have led to customers agreeing to purchase equipment from us with lead times that are longer than our historical experience. As the lead times for delivery of our equipment get longer, the risk increases that customers may choose to change their equipment orders due to the evolution of the customer's technological, production or market needs. This could result in order modifications, rescheduling or even cancellations that may not be communicated to us in a timely manner, causing RPO to remain elevated until agreed with the customer. Customer communication delays for orders already placed could affect our ability to respond quickly in weakening demand environments, which could harm our results of operations.
Risks Related to Our Business Model and Capital Structure
If we do not develop and introduce new products and technologies in a timely manner in response to changing market conditions or customer requirements, our business could be seriously harmed.
Success in the industries in which we serve, including the semiconductor, FPD and PCB industries depends, in part, on the continual improvement of existing technologies and rapid innovation of new solutions. The primary driver of technology advancement in the semiconductor industry has been to shrink the lithography that prints the circuit design on semiconductor chips. To the extent that driver slows, semiconductor manufacturers may delay investments in equipment, investigate more complex device architectures, use new materials and develop innovative fabrication processes. These and other evolving customer plans and needs require us to respond with continued development programs and cut back or discontinue older programs, which may no longer have industry-wide support. Technical innovations are inherently complex and require long development cycles and appropriate staffing of highly qualified employees. Our competitive advantage and future business success depend on our ability to accurately predict evolving industry standards, develop and introduce new products and solutions that successfully address changing customer needs, win market acceptance of these new products and solutions, and manufacture these new products in a timely and cost-effective manner. Our failure to accurately predict evolving industry standards and develop as well as offer competitive technology solutions in a timely manner with cost-effective products could result in loss of market share, unanticipated costs and inventory obsolescence, which would adversely impact our business, operating results and financial condition.
We must continue to make significant investments in R&D in order to enhance the performance, features and functionality of our products, to keep pace with competitive products and to satisfy customer demands. Substantial R&D costs
26

Table of Contents
typically are incurred before we confirm the technical feasibility and commercial viability of a new product, and not all development activities result in commercially viable products. There can be no assurance that revenues from future products or product enhancements will be sufficient to recover the development costs associated with such products or enhancements. In addition, we cannot be sure that these products or enhancements will receive market acceptance or that we will be able to sell these products at prices that are favorable to us. Our business will be seriously harmed if we are unable to sell our products at favorable prices or if the market in which we operate does not accept our products.
In addition, the complexity of our products exposes us to other risks. We regularly recognize revenue from a sale upon shipment of the applicable product to the customer (even before receiving the customer’s formal acceptance of that product) in certain situations, including sales of products for which installation is considered perfunctory, transactions in which the product is sold to an independent distributor and we have no installation obligations, and sales of products where we have previously delivered the same product to the same customer location and that prior delivery has been accepted. However, our products are very technologically complex and rely on the interconnection of numerous subcomponents (all of which must perform to their respective specifications), so it is conceivable that a product for which we recognize revenue upon shipment may ultimately fail to meet the overall product’s required specifications. In such a situation, the customer may be entitled to certain remedies, which could materially and adversely affect our operating results for various periods and, as a result, our stock price.
We derive a substantial percentage of our revenues from sales of inspection products. As a result, any delay or reduction of sales of these products could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results. The continued customer demand for these products and the development, introduction and market acceptance of new products and technologies are critical to our future success.
Our success is dependent in part on our technology and other proprietary rights. If we are unable to maintain our lead or protect our proprietary technology, we may lose valuable assets.
Our success is dependent, in part, on our technology and other proprietary rights. We own various U.S. and international patents and have additional pending patent applications relating to some of our products and technologies. The process of seeking patent protection is lengthy and expensive, and we cannot be certain that pending or future applications will actually result in issued patents or that issued patents will be of sufficient scope or strength to provide meaningful protection or commercial advantage to us. Other companies and individuals, including our larger competitors, may develop technologies and obtain patents relating to our business that are similar or superior to our technology or may design around the patents we own, which may adversely affect our business. In addition, we at times engage in collaborative technology development efforts with our customers and suppliers, and these collaborations may constitute a key component of certain of our ongoing technology and product R&D projects. The termination of any such collaboration, or delays caused by disputes or other unanticipated challenges that may arise in connection with any such collaboration, could significantly impair our R&D efforts, which could have a material adverse impact on our business and operations.
We also maintain trademarks on certain of our products and services and claim copyright protection for certain proprietary software and documentation. However, we can give no assurance that our trademarks and copyrights will be upheld or successfully deter infringement by third parties.
While patent, copyright and trademark protection for our intellectual property is important, we believe our future success in highly dynamic markets is most dependent upon the technical competence and creative skills of our personnel. We attempt to protect our trade secrets and other proprietary information through confidentiality and other agreements with our customers, suppliers, employees and consultants and through other security measures. We also maintain exclusive and non-exclusive licenses with third parties for strategic technology used in certain products. However, these employees, consultants and third parties may breach these agreements, and we may not have adequate remedies for wrongdoing. We also try to control access to and distribution of our technology and proprietary information. Despite our efforts, internal or external parties may attempt to copy, disclose, obtain or misappropriate our intellectual property or technology. In addition, former employees may seek employment with our customers, suppliers or competitors and there can be no assurance that the confidential nature of our proprietary information will be maintained in the course of such future employment. In addition, the laws of certain territories in which we develop, manufacture or sell our products may not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the U.S.. In any event, the extent to which we can protect our trade secrets through the use of confidentiality agreements is limited, and our success will depend to a significant extent on our ability to innovate ahead of our competitors.
Our future performance depends, in part, upon our ability to continue to compete successfully worldwide.
Our industry includes large manufacturers with substantial resources to support customers worldwide. Some of our competitors are diversified companies with greater financial resources and more extensive research, engineering, manufacturing, marketing, and customer service and support capabilities than we possess. We face competition from companies whose strategy is to provide a broad array of products and services, some of which compete with the products and services we
27

Table of Contents
offer. These competitors may bundle their products in a manner that may discourage customers from purchasing our products, including pricing such competitive tools significantly below our product offerings. In addition, we face competition from smaller emerging companies whose strategy is to provide a portion of the products and services that we offer, using innovative technology to sell products into specialized markets. The strength of our competitive positions in many of our existing markets is largely due to our leading technology, which is the result of continuing significant investments in product R&D. However, we may enter new markets, whether through acquisitions or new internal product development, in which competition is based primarily on product pricing, not technological superiority. Further, some new growth markets that emerge may not require leading technologies. Loss of competitive position in any of the markets we serve, or an inability to sell our products on favorable commercial terms in new markets we may enter, could negatively affect our prices, customer orders, revenues, gross margins and market share, any of which would negatively affect our operating results and financial condition.
Our business would be harmed if we do not receive parts sufficient in number and performance to meet our production requirements and product specifications in a timely and cost-effective manner.
We use a wide range of materials in the production of our products, including custom electronic and mechanical components, and we use numerous suppliers to supply these materials. Generally, we do not have guaranteed supply arrangements with our suppliers. Because of the variability and uniqueness of customers’ orders, we do not maintain an extensive inventory of materials for manufacturing. Through our business interruption planning, we seek to minimize the risk of production and service interruptions and/or shortages of key parts by, among other things, monitoring the financial stability of key suppliers, identifying (but not necessarily qualifying) possible alternative suppliers and maintaining appropriate inventories of key parts. Although we make reasonable efforts to ensure that parts are available from multiple suppliers, certain key parts are available only from a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers. Also, key parts we obtain from some of our suppliers incorporate the suppliers’ proprietary intellectual property; in those cases, we are increasingly reliant on third parties for high-performance, high-technology components, which reduces the amount of control we have over the availability and protection of the technology and intellectual property that is used in our products. In addition, if certain of our key suppliers experience liquidity issues and are forced to discontinue operations, which is a heightened risk, especially during economic downturns, it could affect their ability to deliver parts and could result in delays for our products. Similarly, especially with respect to suppliers of high-technology components, our suppliers themselves have increasingly complex supply chains, and delays or disruptions at any stage of their supply chains may prevent us from obtaining parts in a timely manner and result in delays for our products, or our suppliers might pass on the cost of inflation to us while we are unable to adjust pricing with our own customers. Our operating results and business may be adversely impacted if we are unable to obtain parts to meet our production requirements and product specifications, or if we are able to do so only on unfavorable terms. Furthermore, a supplier may discontinue production of a particular part for any number of reasons, including the supplier’s financial condition or business operational decisions, which would require us to purchase, in a single transaction, a large number of such discontinued parts in order to ensure that a continuous supply of such parts remains available to our customers. Such “end-of-life” parts purchases could result in significant expenditures by us in a particular period, and ultimately any unused parts may result in a significant inventory write-off, either of which could have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations for the applicable periods. Refer to the Executive Summary in Part II, Item 7 “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for additional information on supply constraints related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
If we fail to operate our business in accordance with our business plan, our operating results, business and stock price may be significantly and adversely impacted.
We attempt to operate our business in accordance with a business plan that is established annually, revised frequently (generally quarterly), and reviewed by management even more frequently (at least monthly). Our business plan is developed based on a number of factors, many of which require estimates and assumptions, such as our expectations of the economic environment, future business levels, our customers’ willingness and ability to place orders, lead-times, and future revenue and cash flow. Our budgeted operating expenses, for example, are based in part on our future revenue expectations. However, our ability to achieve our anticipated revenue levels is a function of numerous factors, including the volatile and historically cyclical nature of our primary industry, customer order cancellations, macroeconomic changes, operational matters regarding particular agreements, our ability to manage customer deliveries, the availability of resources for the installation of our products, delays or accelerations by customers in taking deliveries and the acceptance of our products (for products where customer acceptance is required before we can recognize revenue from such sales), our ability to operate our business and sales processes effectively, and a number of the other risk factors set forth in this Item 1A.
Because our expenses are in most cases relatively fixed in the short term, any revenue shortfall below expectations could have an immediate and significant adverse effect on our operating results. Similarly, if we fail to manage our expenses effectively or otherwise fail to maintain rigorous cost controls, we could experience greater than anticipated expenses during an operating period, which would also negatively affect our results of operations. If we fail to operate our business consistent with
28

Table of Contents
our business plan, our operating results in any period may be significantly and adversely impacted. Such an outcome could cause customers, suppliers or investors to view us as less stable, or could cause us to fail to meet financial analysts’ revenue or earnings estimates, any of which could have an adverse impact on our stock price.
In addition, our management is constantly striving to balance the requirements and demands of our customers with the availability of resources, the need to manage our operating model and other factors. In furtherance of those efforts, we often must exercise discretion and judgment as to the timing and prioritization of manufacturing, deliveries, installations and payment scheduling. Any such decisions may impact our ability to recognize revenue, including the fiscal period during which such revenue may be recognized, with respect to such products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or stock price.
We have a leveraged capital structure.
As of June 30, 2022, we had $6.73 billion aggregate principal amount of outstanding indebtedness, consisting of $6.45 billion aggregate principal amount of senior, unsecured long-term notes, of which $3.00 billion were issued in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2022. As of March 31, 2022, we had in place a Credit Agreement (the “Prior Credit Agreement”) providing for a $1.00 billion unsecured Revolving Credit Facility (the “Prior Revolving Credit Facility”) with a maturity date of November 30, 2023. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2022, we replaced the Prior Credit Agreement and Prior Revolving Credit Facility with a renegotiated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) and a renegotiated unsecured Revolving Credit Facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) having a maturity date of June 8, 2027 with two one-year extension options that allows us to borrow up to $1.50 billion. Subject to the terms of the Credit Agreement, the Revolving Credit Facility may be increased by an amount up to $250.0 million in the aggregate. As of June 30, 2022, we had an aggregate principal amount of $275.0 million outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility. We may incur additional indebtedness in the future by accessing the unfunded portion of our Revolving Credit Facility and/or entering into new financing arrangements. We also announced a stock repurchase program, under which the remaining available for repurchases was $3.23 billion as of June 30, 2022. A large portion of the remaining repurchases may be financed with new indebtedness. Our ability to pay interest and repay the principal amount of our current indebtedness is dependent upon our ability to manage our business operations, our credit rating, the ongoing interest rate environment and the other risk factors discussed in this Item 1A. There can be no assurance that we will be able to manage any of these risks successfully.
In certain circumstances involving a change of control followed by a downgrade of the rating of a series of our Senior Notes (as defined below) by at least two of Moody’s Investors Service (“Moody's”), S&P Global Ratings (“S&P”) and Fitch Inc. (“Fitch”), unless we have exercised our right to redeem the Senior Notes of such series, we will be required to make an offer to repurchase all or, at the holder’s option, any part, of each holder’s Senior Notes of that series pursuant to the offer described below (the “Change of Control Offer”). In the Change of Control Offer, we will be required to offer payment in cash equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on the Senior Notes repurchased, up to, but not including, the date of repurchase. We cannot make any assurance that we will have sufficient financial resources at such time nor that we will be able to arrange financing to pay the repurchase price of that series of Senior Notes. Our ability to repurchase that series of Senior Notes in such event may be limited by law, by the relevant indenture associated with that series of Senior Notes, or by the terms of other agreements to which we may be a party at such time. If we fail to repurchase that series of Senior Notes as required by the terms of such Senior Notes, it would constitute an event of default under the relevant indenture governing that series of Senior Notes which, in turn, may also constitute an event of default under our other obligations.
Borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at a floating rate, and an increase in interest rates, particularly in the current environment of rising interest rates, would require us to pay additional interest on any borrowings, which may have an adverse effect on the value and liquidity of our debt and the market price of our common stock could decline. The interest rate under our Revolving Credit Facility is also subject to (i) an adjustment in conjunction with our credit rating downgrades or upgrades and (ii) an adjustment based on our performance against certain sustainability key performance indicators (“KPI”) related to GHG emissions and renewable electricity usage. Additionally, under our Revolving Credit Facility, we are required to comply with affirmative and negative covenants, which include the maintenance of certain financial ratios, the details of which can be found in Note 8 “Debt” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
If we fail to comply with these covenants, we will be in default and our borrowings may become immediately due and payable. There can be no assurance that we will have sufficient financial resources nor that we will be able to arrange financing to repay our borrowings at such time. In addition, certain of our domestic subsidiaries are required to guarantee our borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility. In the event we default on our borrowings, these domestic subsidiaries shall be liable for our borrowings, which could disrupt our operations and result in a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or stock price.
29

Table of Contents
Our leveraged capital structure may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and net income per share.
Our substantial amount of indebtedness could have adverse consequences including, but not limited to:
A negative impact on our ability to satisfy our future obligations;
An increase in the portion of our cash flows that may have to be dedicated to interest and principal payments that may not be available for operations, working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, investments, dividends, stock repurchases, general corporate or other purposes;
An impairment of our ability to obtain additional financing in the future; and
Obligations to comply with restrictive and financial covenants as noted in the above risk factor and Note 8 “Debt” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Our ability to satisfy our future expenses as well as our debt obligations will depend on our future performance, which will be affected by financial, business, economic, regulatory and other factors. Furthermore, our future operations may not generate sufficient cash flows to enable us to meet our future expenses and service our debt obligations, which may impact our ability to manage our capital structure to preserve and maintain our investment grade rating. If our future operations do not generate sufficient cash flows, we may need to access the money available for borrowing under our Revolving Credit Facility or enter into new financing arrangements to obtain necessary funds. If we determine it is necessary to seek additional funding for any reason, we may not be able to obtain such funding or, if funding is available, we may not be able to obtain it on acceptable terms. Any borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility will place further pressure on us to comply with the financial covenants. If we fail to make a payment associated with our debt obligations, we could be in default on such debt, and such a default could cause us to be in default on our other obligations.
There can be no assurance that we will continue to declare cash dividends at all or in any particular amounts.
We intend to continue to pay quarterly dividends subject to capital availability and periodic determinations by our Board of Directors that cash dividends are in the best interest of our stockholders and are in compliance with all laws and agreements applicable to the declaration and payment of cash dividends by us. However, future dividends may be affected by, among other factors: our views on potential future capital requirements for investments in acquisitions and the funding of our R&D; legal risks; stock repurchase programs; changes in federal and state income tax laws or corporate laws; changes to our business model; and our increased interest and principal payments required by our outstanding indebtedness and any additional indebtedness that we may incur in the future. Our dividend payments may change from time to time, and we cannot provide assurance that we will continue to declare dividends at all or in any particular amounts. A reduction in our dividend payments could have a negative effect on our stock price.
We are exposed to risks related to our commercial terms and conditions, including our indemnification of third parties, as well as the performance of our products.
Although our standard commercial documentation sets forth the terms and conditions that we intend to apply to commercial transactions with our business partners, counterparties to such transactions may not explicitly agree to our terms and conditions. In situations where we engage in business with a third party without an explicit master agreement regarding the applicable terms and conditions, or where the commercial documentation applicable to the transaction is subject to varying interpretations, we may have disputes with those third parties regarding the applicable terms and conditions of our business relationship with them. Such disputes could lead to a deterioration of our commercial relationship with those parties, costly and time-consuming litigation, or additional concessions or obligations being offered by us to resolve such disputes, or could impact our revenue or cost recognition. Any of these outcomes could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, in our commercial agreements, from time to time in the normal course of business, we indemnify third parties with whom we enter into contractual relationships, including customers, suppliers and lessors, with respect to certain matters. We have agreed, under certain conditions, to hold these third parties harmless against specified losses, such as those arising from a breach of representations or covenants, third-party claims that our products, when used for their intended purposes, infringe the intellectual property rights of such third parties, or other claims made against certain parties. We may be compelled to enter into or accrue for probable settlements of alleged indemnification obligations, or we may be subject to potential liability arising from our customers’ involvements in legal disputes. In addition, notwithstanding the provisions related to limitations on our liability that we seek to include in our business agreements, the counterparties to such agreements may dispute our interpretation or application of such provisions, and a court of law may not interpret or apply such provisions in our favor, any of which could result in an obligation for us to pay material damages to third parties and engage in costly legal proceedings. It is difficult to determine the maximum potential amount of liability under any indemnification obligations, whether or not
30

Table of Contents
asserted, due to our limited history of prior indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances that are likely to be involved in any particular claim. Our business, financial condition and results of operations in a reported fiscal period could be materially and adversely affected if we expend significant amounts in defending or settling any purported claims, regardless of their merit or outcomes.
We are also exposed to potential costs associated with unexpected product performance issues. Our products and production processes are extremely complex and, thus, could contain unexpected product defects, especially when products are first introduced. Unexpected product performance issues could result in significant costs being incurred by us, including increased service or warranty costs, providing product replacements for (or modifications to) defective products, litigation related to defective products, reimbursement for damages caused by our products, product recalls, or product write-offs or disposal costs. These costs could be substantial and could have an adverse impact upon our business, financial condition and operating results. In addition, our reputation with our customers could be damaged as a result of such product defects, which could reduce demand for our products and negatively impact our business.
Furthermore, we occasionally enter into volume purchase agreements with our larger customers, and these agreements may provide for certain volume purchase incentives, such as credits toward future purchases. We believe that these arrangements are beneficial to our long-term business, as they are designed to encourage our customers to purchase larger volumes of our products. However, these arrangements could require us to recognize a reduced level of revenue for the products that are initially purchased, to account for the potential future credits or other volume purchase incentives. Our volume purchase agreements require significant estimation for the amounts to be accrued depending upon the estimate of volume of future purchases. As such, we are required to update our estimates of the accruals on a periodic basis. Until the earnings process is complete, our estimates could differ in comparison to actual results. As a result, these volume purchase arrangements, while expected to be beneficial to our business over time, could materially and adversely affect our results of operations in near-term periods, including the revenue we can recognize on product sales and, therefore, our gross margins.
In addition, we may in limited circumstances enter into agreements that contain customer-specific commitments on pricing, tool reliability, spare parts stocking levels, response time and other commitments and we may be unable to adjust pricing with our customers despite rising inflation in our supply chain. Furthermore, we may give these customers limited audit or inspection rights to enable them to confirm that we are complying with these commitments. If a customer elects to exercise its audit or inspection rights, we may be required to expend significant resources to support the audit or inspection, as well as to defend or settle any dispute with a customer that could potentially arise out of such audit or inspection. To date, we have made no significant accruals in our Consolidated Financial Statements for this contingency. While we have not in the past incurred significant expenses for resolving disputes regarding these types of commitments, we cannot make any assurance that we will not incur any such liabilities in the future. Our business, financial condition and results of operations in a reported fiscal period could be materially and adversely affected if we expend significant amounts in supporting an audit or inspection, or defending or settling any purported claims, regardless of their merit or outcomes.
There are risks associated with our receipt of government funding for research and development.
We are exposed to additional risks related to our receipt of external funding for certain strategic development programs from various governments and government agencies, both domestically and internationally. Governments and government agencies typically have the right to terminate funding programs at any time in their sole discretion, or a project may be terminated by mutual agreement if the parties determine that the project’s goals or milestones are not being achieved, so there is no assurance that these sources of external funding will continue to be available to us in the future. In addition, under the terms of these government grants, the applicable granting agency typically has the right to audit the costs that we incur, directly and indirectly, in connection with such programs. Any such audit could result in modifications to, or even termination of, the applicable government funding program. For example, if an audit were to identify any costs as being improperly allocated to the applicable program, those costs would not be reimbursed, and any such costs that had already been reimbursed would have to be refunded. We do not know the outcome of any future audits. Any adverse finding resulting from any such audit could lead to penalties (financial or otherwise), termination of funding programs, suspension of payments, fines and suspension or prohibition from receiving future government funding from the applicable government or government agency, any of which could adversely impact our operating results, financial condition and ability to operate our business.
We have recorded significant restructuring, inventory write-off and asset impairment charges and may do so again in the future, which could have a material negative impact on our results of operations.
Historically, we have recorded material restructuring charges related to our prior global workforce reductions, large excess inventory write-offs, and material impairment charges related to our goodwill and purchased intangible assets. Workforce changes can also temporarily reduce workforce productivity, which could be disruptive to our business and adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, we may not achieve or sustain the expected cost savings or other benefits
31

Table of Contents
of our restructuring plans, or do so within the expected time frame. If we again restructure our organization and business processes, implement additional cost-reduction actions or discontinue certain business operations, we may take additional, potentially material, restructuring charges related to, among other things, employee terminations or exit costs. We may also be required to write off additional inventory if our product build plans or usage of service inventory decline. Also, as our lead times from suppliers increase (due to the increasing complexity of the parts and components they provide) and the lead times demanded by our customers decrease (due to the time pressures they face when introducing new products or technology or bringing new facilities into production), we may be compelled to increase our commitments, and, therefore, our risk exposure, to inventory purchases to meet our customers’ demands in a timely manner, and that inventory may need to be written off if demand for the underlying product declines for any reason. Such additional write-offs could result in material charges.
We have recorded material charges related to the impairment of our goodwill and purchased intangible assets. Goodwill represents the excess of costs over the net fair value of net assets acquired in a business combination. Goodwill is not amortized, but is instead tested for impairment at least annually in accordance with authoritative guidance for goodwill. Purchased intangible assets with estimable useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives based on economic benefit if known or using the straight-line method, and are reviewed for impairment in accordance with authoritative guidance for long-lived assets. The valuation of goodwill and intangible assets requires assumptions and estimates of many critical factors, including, but not limited to, declines in our operating cash flows, declines in our stock price or market capitalization, declines in our market share, and declines in revenues or profits. A substantial decline in our stock price, or any other adverse change in market conditions, particularly if such change has the effect of changing one of the critical assumptions or estimates we previously used to calculate the value of our goodwill or intangible assets (and, as applicable, the amount of any previous impairment charge), could result in a change to the estimation of fair value that could result in an additional impairment charge.
Any such additional material charges, whether related to restructuring or goodwill or purchased intangible asset impairment, may have a material negative impact on our operating results and related financial statements.
We are exposed to risks related to our financial arrangements with respect to receivables factoring and banking arrangements.
We enter into factoring arrangements with financial institutions to sell certain of our trade receivables and promissory notes from customers without recourse. In addition, we maintain bank accounts with several domestic and foreign financial institutions, any of which may prove not to be financially viable. If we were to stop entering into these factoring arrangements, our operating results, financial condition and cash flows could be adversely impacted by delays or failures in collecting trade receivables. However, by entering into these arrangements, and by engaging these financial institutions for banking services, we are exposed to additional risks. If any of these financial institutions experiences financial difficulties or is otherwise unable to honor the terms of our factoring or deposit arrangements, we may experience material financial losses due to the failure of such arrangements or a lack of access to our funds, any of which could have an adverse impact upon our operating results, financial condition and cash flows.
We are subject to the risks of additional government actions in the event we were to breach the terms of any settlement arrangement into which we have entered.
In connection with the settlement of certain government actions and other legal proceedings related to our historical stock option practices, we have explicitly agreed as a condition to such settlements that we will comply with certain laws, such as the books and records provisions of the federal securities laws. If we were to violate any such law, we might not only be subject to the significant penalties applicable to such violation, but our past settlements may also be impacted by such violation, which could give rise to additional government actions or other legal proceedings. Any such additional actions or proceedings may require us to expend significant management time and incur significant accounting, legal and other expenses, and may divert attention and resources from the operation of our business. These expenditures and diversions, as well as an adverse resolution of any such action or proceeding, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
ITEM 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
ITEM 2.PROPERTIES
Our headquarters are located in Milpitas, California. As of June 30, 2022, we owned or leased a total of approximately 4 million square feet of space for research, engineering, marketing, service, sales and administration worldwide primarily in U.S., Israel, Singapore, Germany, China and Taiwan. Our operating leases expire at various times through January 4, 2037,
32

Table of Contents
subject to renewal, with some of the leases containing renewal option clauses at the fair market value, for additional periods up to five years. Additional information regarding these leases is incorporated herein by reference to Note 9 “Leases” to our Consolidated Financial Statements. We believe our properties are adequately maintained and suitable for their intended use and that our production facilities have capacity adequate for our current needs.
Information regarding our principal properties as of June 30, 2022 is set forth below:
(Square Feet)USOther CountriesTotal
Owned(1)
958,066 873,619 1,831,685 
Leased521,254 1,720,022 2,241,276 
Total1,479,320 2,593,641 4,072,961 
__________________ 
(1)Includes 426,726 square feet of property owned at our location in Serangoon, Singapore, where the land on which this building resides is leased.
ITEM 3.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
The information set forth below under Note 15 “Litigation and Other Legal Matters” to our Consolidated Financial Statements is incorporated herein by reference.
ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
33

Table of Contents
PART II

ITEM 5.MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Our common stock is listed and traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC under the symbol “KLAC.”
On August 4, 2022, we announced that our Board of Directors had declared a quarterly cash dividend of $1.30 per share to be paid on September 1, 2022 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on August 15, 2022.
As of July 18, 2022, there were 404 holders of record of our common stock.
Equity Repurchase Plans
The following is a summary of stock repurchases for each month during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022.
Period
Total Number of
Shares
Purchased(1)
Average Price Paid
per Share
Approximate Dollar Value that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs(1)(2)
April 1, 2022 to April 30, 2022415,736 $336.74 $558,787,517 
May 1, 2022 to May 31, 2022539,257 $334.90 $378,192,247 
June 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022:
Open market purchases430,964 $337.84 
Accelerated share repurchase (3)
6,548,992 
 (3)
Total7,934,949 $3,232,594,651 
__________________ 
(1)Our Board of Directors has authorized a program that permits us to repurchase our common stock, including a $6.00 billion increase approved by the Board in June 2022. As of June 30, 2022, approximately $3.23 billion remained available for repurchases under our repurchase program. All shares in the table were purchased pursuant to our publicly announced repurchase program.
(2)Our stock repurchase program has no expiration date and may be suspended at any time. Future repurchases of our common stock under our repurchase program may be effected through various different repurchase transaction structures including isolated open market transactions, accelerated share repurchase agreements (“ASR Agreements”) or systematic repurchase plans, subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements and other factors.
(3)On June 23, 2022, the Company executed ASR Agreements with two financial institutions to repurchase shares of our common stock in exchange for an upfront payment of $3.00 billion. The Company received initial deliveries totaling approximately 6.5 million shares on June 24, 2022, which represented 70% of the prepayment amount at the then prevailing market price of the Company’s shares of stock. The delivery of any remaining shares would occur at the final settlement of the transactions under the ASR Agreements, which is scheduled for the second quarter of fiscal 2023, subject to earlier termination under certain limited circumstances, as set forth in the ASR Agreements. The total number of shares received under the ASR Agreements will be based on the volume-weighted average prices of the Company's stock during the term of the ASR Agreements, less an agreed-upon discount and subject to adjustments pursuant to the terms and conditions of the ASR Agreements.
Stock Performance Graph and Cumulative Total Return
Notwithstanding any statement to the contrary in any of our previous or future filings with the SEC, the following information relating to the price performance of our common stock shall not be deemed “filed” with the Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and shall not be incorporated by reference into any such filings.
The following graph compares the cumulative 5-year total return attained by stockholders on our common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 Index and the Philadelphia Semiconductor Index (“PHLX”). The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each of the indices (with the reinvestment of all dividends) from June 30, 2017 to June 30, 2022.
34

Table of Contents
klac-20220630_g1.jpg
June 2017June 2018June 2019June 2020June 2021June 2022
KLA Corporation$100.00$114.81$136.14$228.66$386.46$384.82
S&P 500$100.00$114.37$126.29$135.77$191.15$170.86
PHLX Semiconductor$100.00$129.11$146.29$203.84$346.16$267.91
Our fiscal year ends June 30. The comparisons in the graph above are based upon historical data and are not necessarily indicative of, nor intended to forecast, future stock price performance.
ITEM 6.[RESERVED]
ITEM 7.MANAGEMENTS DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes included in Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors,
35

Table of Contents
including but not limited to those discussed in Item 1A “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (see “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”). Discussions and analysis of fiscal year 2021 as compared against fiscal year 2020 have been omitted and can be found in Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, filed with the SEC.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
We are a leading supplier of process control and yield management solutions and services for the semiconductor and related electronics industries. Our broad portfolio of inspection and metrology products, and related service, software and other offerings, support R&D and manufacturing of ICs, wafers and reticles. Our products, services and expertise are used by our customers to measure, detect, analyze and resolve critical and nanometric level product defects, helping them to manage manufacturing process challenges and to obtain higher finish product yields at lower cost. We also offer advanced technology solutions to address various manufacturing needs of PCBs, FPDs, Specialty Semiconductor Devices and other electronic components, including advanced packaging, LED, power devices, compound semiconductor, and data storage industries, as well as general materials research.
Our semiconductor customers generally operate in one or both of the major semiconductor device manufacturing markets: memory and foundry/logic. The pervasive and increasing needs for semiconductors in many consumer and industrial products, the rapid proliferation of new applications for more advanced semiconductor devices, and the increasing complexity associated with leading edge semiconductor manufacturing drives demand for our process control and yield management solutions. Other demand trends include the growth of end-market drivers such as AI, the deployment of 5G telecommunications technology and associated high-end mobile devices, the electrification and digitalization of the automotive industry, the revival of personal computer (“PC”) demand and associated innovations to support remote work, virtual collaboration, remote learning and entertainment, and the growth of the IoT. The favorable end market dynamics are driving our customers to make increased investments in our process control and yield management solutions as part of their overall capital investment plans. These trends also drive demand for our other products such as those used in the PCB, FPD and Specialty Semiconductor manufacturing, where the increase in technology complexity is expected to continue and further accelerate as more devices become interconnected and dependent on other electronic devices. As a result of these factors, we saw a general strengthening of demand for our products throughout fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2022. While demand for our products remains strong, the recent macro-economic uncertainty and resulting impact on consumer demand is a development we are monitoring closely. Some of our customers, particularly in the PC and mobile device end markets, are experiencing market softening in the past few months, and we have seen memory pricing in those markets weaken as well. While our concerns are elevated, we continue to see strong demand from our customers. Any push out or cancellation of deliveries by our customers could cause earnings volatility, due to increases in risk of inventory related charges as well as the timing of revenue recognition.
We are organized into four reportable segments:
Semiconductor Process Control: A comprehensive portfolio of inspection, metrology and data analytics products as well as related service offerings that help IC manufacturers achieve target yields throughout the semiconductor fabrication process, from R&D to final volume production.
Specialty Semiconductor Process: Advanced vacuum deposition and etching process tools used by a broad range of specialty semiconductor customers.
PCB, Display and Component Inspection: a range of inspection, testing and measurement, and direct imaging for patterning products used by manufacturers of PCBs, FPDs, advanced packaging, MEMS, and other electronic components.
Other: products that do not fall into the three segments above.
A majority of our revenues are derived from outside the U.S., and include geographic regions such as China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Europe and Israel, and Rest of Asia. China is emerging as a major region for manufacturing of logic and memory chips, adding to its role as the world’s largest consumer of ICs. Additionally, a significant portion of global FPD and PCB manufacturing has migrated to China. Government initiatives are propelling China to expand its domestic manufacturing capacity and attracting investment from semiconductor manufacturers from Taiwan, Korea, Japan and the U.S. Although China is currently seen as an important long-term growth region for the semiconductor and electronics capital equipment sector, Commerce has added certain China-based entities to the U.S. Entity List, restricting our ability to provide products and services to such entities without a license. In addition, Commerce has imposed new export licensing requirements on China-based customers engaged in military end uses, as well as requiring our customers to obtain an export license when they use certain semiconductor capital equipment based on U.S. technology to manufacture products connected to Huawei or its affiliates. While these new rules have not significantly impacted our operations to date, such actions by the U.S. government or another country could impact our ability to provide our products and services to existing and potential customers and adversely affect our business.
36

Table of Contents
The following table sets forth some of our key consolidated financial information for each of our last three fiscal years: 
 Year Ended June 30,
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except diluted net income per share)202220212020
Total revenues$9,211,883 $6,918,734 $5,806,424 
Costs of revenues$3,592,441 $2,772,165 $2,449,561 
Gross margin61 %60 %58 %
Net income attributable to KLA(1)
$3,321,807 $2,078,292 $1,216,785 
Diluted net income per share attributable to KLA$21.92 $13.37 $7.70 
__________________ 
(1)Our net income attributable to KLA for the year ended June 30, 2020 includes a pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of $256.6 million and a pre-tax charge of $22.5 million as a result of the extinguishment of debt. For additional details, refer to Note 7 “Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets” and Note 8 “Debt” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Impact of COVID-19
Events surrounding the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic had resulted in a reduction in economic activity across the globe in calendar year 2020 and early 2021. Vaccinations and pandemic containment measures have now created an environment that is driving economic growth, even as the pace of economic recovery remains uneven in various geographies. On one hand, the semiconductor and capital equipment industry has experienced multiple growth drivers, including acceleration of the pace of virtual engagement and digitization driven by COVID-19 related travel restrictions and quarantines. On the other hand, the resumption of growth has caused us to experience new constraints in our supply chain. Supply chain lead times are extended and shortages have sometimes required us to plan further ahead and increase our purchase commitments to secure critical components on a timely basis. We continue to monitor our supply chain and work with our suppliers to identify and mitigate potential gaps to ensure continuity of supply.
While all of our global manufacturing sites are currently operational, any local pandemic outbreaks or advent of new variants have required and could in the future require us to temporarily curtail production levels or temporarily cease operations based on government mandates or due to outbreaks affecting our manufacturing employees. We remain committed to the health and safety of our employees, contractors, suppliers, customers and communities, and are following government policies and recommendations designed to slow the spread of COVID-19.
We are working with government authorities in the jurisdictions where we operate, and continue to monitor our operations in an effort to ensure we follow government requirements, relevant regulations, industry standards, and best practices to help safeguard our team members, while safely continuing operations to the extent possible at our sites across the globe.
We may take further actions or alter our business operations that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, partners, suppliers, and stakeholders, or as required by federal, state, or local authorities.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
The preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions in applying our accounting policies that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base these estimates and assumptions on historical experience and evaluate them on an ongoing basis to ensure that they remain reasonable under current conditions. Actual results could differ from those estimates. We discuss the development and selection of the critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors on a quarterly basis, and the Audit Committee has reviewed our related disclosure in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The accounting policies that reflect our more significant estimates, judgments and assumptions and which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:
Revenue Recognition. We primarily derive revenue from the sale of process control and process-enabling solutions for the semiconductor and related electronics industries, maintenance and support of all these products, installation and training services, and the sale of spare parts. Our portfolio includes yield enhancement and production solutions for manufacturing wafers and reticles, ICs, packaging, PCBs and FPDs, as well as comprehensive support and services across our installed base. Our solutions are generally not sold with a right of return, nor have we experienced significant returns from or refunds to our customers.
37

Table of Contents
We account for a contract with a customer when there is approval and commitment from both parties, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance and collectability of consideration is probable. Our revenues are measured based on consideration stipulated in the arrangement with each customer, net of any sales incentives and amounts collected on behalf of third parties, such as sales taxes. The revenues are recognized as separate performance obligations that are satisfied by transferring control of the product or service to the customer. Our arrangements with our customers include various combinations of products and services, which are generally capable of being distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. A product or service is considered distinct if it is separately identifiable from other deliverables in the arrangement and if a customer can benefit from it on its own or with other resources that are readily available to the customer. The transaction consideration, including any sales incentives, is allocated between separate performance obligations of an arrangement based on the stand-alone selling price (“SSP”) for each distinct product or service. Management considers a variety of factors to determine the SSP, such as historical stand-alone sales of products and services, discounting strategies and other observable data. From time to time, our contracts are modified to account for additional, or to change existing, performance obligations. Our contract modifications are generally accounted for prospectively.
Product Revenue
We recognize revenue from product sales at a point in time when we have satisfied our performance obligation by transferring control of the product to the customer. We use judgment to evaluate whether control has transferred by considering several indicators, including whether:
We have a present right to payment;
The customer has legal title;
The customer has physical possession;
The customer has significant risk and rewards of ownership; and
The customer has accepted the product, or whether customer acceptance is considered a formality based on history of acceptance of similar products (for example, when the customer has previously accepted the same tool, with the same specifications, and when we can objectively demonstrate that the tool meets all of the required acceptance criteria, and when the installation of the system is deemed perfunctory).
Not all of the indicators need to be met for us to conclude that control has transferred to the customer. In circumstances in which revenue is recognized prior to the product acceptance, the fair value of revenue associated with our performance obligations to install the product is deferred and recognized as revenue at a point in time, once installation is complete.
We enter into volume purchase agreements with some of our customers. We adjust the transaction consideration for estimated credits earned by our customers for such incentives. These credits are estimated based upon the forecasted and actual product sales for any given period and agreed-upon incentive rate. The estimate is updated at each reporting period.
We offer perpetual and term licenses for software products. The primary difference between perpetual and term licenses is the duration over which the customer can benefit from the use of the software, while the functionality and the features of the software are the same. Software is generally bundled with post-contract customer support (“PCS”), which includes unspecified software updates that are made available throughout the entire term of the arrangement. Revenue from software licenses is recognized at a point in time, when the software is made available to the customer. Revenue from PCS is deferred at contract inception and recognized ratably over the service period, or as services are performed.
Services Revenue
The majority of product sales include a standard six to 12-month warranty that is not separately paid for by the customers. The customers may also purchase extended warranties for periods beyond the initial year as part of the initial product sale. We have concluded that the standard 12-month warranty as well as any extended warranty periods included in the initial product sales are separate performance obligations for most of our products. The estimated fair value of warranty services is deferred and recognized ratably as revenue over the warranty period, as the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits of warranty services provided by us.
Additionally, we offer product maintenance and support services, which the customer may purchase separately from the standard and extended warranty offered as part of the initial product sale. Revenue from separately negotiated maintenance and support service contracts is also recognized over time based on the terms of the applicable service period. Revenue from services performed in the absence of a maintenance contract, including training revenue, is recognized when the related services are performed. We also sell spare parts, revenue from which is recognized when control over the spare parts is transferred to the customer.
38

Table of Contents
Significant Judgments
Our contracts with our customers often include promises to transfer multiple products and services. Each product and service is generally capable of being distinct within the context of the contract and represents a separate performance obligation. Determining the SSP for each distinct performance obligation and allocation of consideration from an arrangement to the individual performance obligations and the appropriate timing of revenue recognition are significant judgments with respect to these arrangements. We typically estimate the SSP of products and services based on observable transactions when the products and services are sold on a stand-alone basis and those prices fall within a reasonable range. We typically have more than one SSP for individual products and services due to the stratification of these products by customers and circumstances. In these instances, we use information such as the size of the customer, geographic region, as well as customization of the products in determining the SSP. In instances where the SSP is not directly observable, we determine the SSP using information that includes market conditions, entity-specific factors, including discounting strategies, information about the customer or class of customer that is reasonably available and other observable inputs. While changes in the allocation of SSP between performance obligations will not affect the amount of total revenue recognized for a particular contract, any material changes could impact the timing of revenue recognition, which could have a material effect on our financial position and results of operations.
Although the products are generally not sold with a right of return, we may provide other credits or sales incentives, which are accounted for either as variable consideration or material right, depending on the specific terms and conditions of the arrangement. These credits and incentives are estimated at contract inception and updated at the end of each reporting period if and when additional information becomes available.
As outlined above, we use judgments to evaluate whether or not the customer has obtained control of the product and consider several indicators in evaluating whether or not control has transferred to the customer. Not all of the indicators need to be met for us to conclude that control has transferred to the customer.
Contract Assets/Liabilities
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections may result in accounts receivable, contract assets, and contract liabilities (deferred revenue) on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. A receivable is recorded in the period we deliver products or provide services when we have an unconditional right to payment. Contract assets primarily relate to the value of products and services transferred to the customer for which the right to payment is not just dependent on the passage of time. Contract assets are transferred to accounts receivable when rights to payment become unconditional.
A contract liability is recognized when we receive payment or have an unconditional right to payment in advance of the satisfaction of performance. The contract liabilities represent (1) deferred product revenue related to the value of products that have been shipped and billed to customers and for which control has not been transferred to the customers, and (2) deferred service revenue, which is recorded when we receive consideration, or such consideration is unconditionally due, from a customer prior to transferring services to the customer under the terms of a contract. Deferred service revenue typically results from warranty services, and maintenance and other service contracts.
Contract assets and liabilities related to rights and obligations in a contract are recorded net in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Business Combinations. Accounting for business combinations requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions to determine the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. Although we believe the assumptions and estimates we have made in the past have been reasonable and appropriate, they are based, in part, on historical experience and information obtained from management of the acquired companies, and are inherently uncertain. Critical estimates in valuing certain acquired intangible assets include, but are not limited to, future expected cash flows including revenue growth rate assumptions from product sales, customer contracts and acquired technologies, expected costs to develop IPR&D into commercially viable products, estimated cash flows from the projects when completed, including assumptions associated with the technology migration curve, estimated royalty rates used in valuing technology related intangible assets, and discount rates. The discount rates used to discount expected future cash flows to present value are typically derived from a weighted-average cost of capital (“WACC”) analysis and adjusted to reflect inherent risks. Unanticipated events and circumstances may occur that could affect either the accuracy or validity of such assumptions, estimates or actual results.
39

Table of Contents
We allocate the fair value of the purchase price of our acquisitions to the tangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and intangible assets acquired, including IPR&D, based on their estimated fair values at acquisition date. The excess of the fair value of the purchase price over the fair values of these net tangible and intangible assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Management’s estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable, but our estimates and assumptions are inherently uncertain and subject to refinement. As a result, during the measurement period, which will not exceed one year from the acquisition date, we record adjustments to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed with the corresponding offset to goodwill. After the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of the purchase price of our acquisitions, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to our Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The fair value of IPR&D is initially capitalized as an intangible asset with an indefinite life and assessed for impairment thereafter whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the IPR&D assets may not be recoverable. Impairment of IPR&D is recorded to R&D expenses. When an IPR&D project is completed, the IPR&D is reclassified as an amortizable purchased intangible asset and amortized to costs of revenues over the asset’s estimated useful life.
Acquisition-related expenses are recognized separately from the business combination and are expensed as incurred.
Inventories. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (on a first-in, first-out basis) or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. Demonstration units are stated at their manufacturing cost and written down to their net realizable value. We review and set standard costs semi-annually at current manufacturing costs in order to approximate actual costs. Our manufacturing overhead standards for product costs are calculated assuming full absorption of forecasted spending over projected volumes, adjusted for excess capacity. Abnormal inventory costs such as costs of idle facilities, excess freight and handling costs, and spoilage are recognized as current period charges. We write down product inventory based on forecasted demand and technological obsolescence and service spare parts inventory based on forecasted usage. These factors are impacted by market and economic conditions, technology changes, new product introductions and changes in strategic direction and require estimates that may include uncertain elements. Actual demand may differ from forecasted demand, and such differences may have a material effect on recorded inventory values.
Allowance for Credit Losses. A majority of our accounts receivable are derived from sales to large multinational semiconductor and electronics manufacturers throughout the world. We maintain an allowance for credit losses for expected uncollectible accounts receivable and assess collectability by reviewing accounts receivable on a collective basis where similar risk characteristics exist and on an individual basis when we identify specific customers with known disputes or collectability issues. The estimate of expected credit losses considers historical credit loss information that is adjusted for current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The allowance for credit losses is reviewed on a quarterly basis to assess the adequacy of the allowance. However, volatility in market conditions and evolving credit trends are difficult to predict and may cause variability that may have a material impact on our allowance for credit losses in future periods.
Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation Plans. Compensation expense for RSUs with performance metrics is calculated based upon expected achievement of the metrics specified in the grant, or when a grant contains a market condition, the grant date fair value using a Monte Carlo simulation. The Monte Carlo simulation fair value model requires the use of highly subjective and complex assumptions, including the award’s expected life, the price volatility of the underlying stock, as well as the potential outcomes of the market condition on the grant date of each award.
Contingencies and Litigation. We are subject to the possibility of losses from various contingencies. Considerable judgment is necessary to estimate the probability and amount of any loss from such contingencies. An accrual is made when it is probable that a liability has been incurred or an asset has been impaired and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. We accrue a liability and recognize as expense the estimated costs incurred to defend or settle asserted and unasserted claims existing as of the balance sheet date. See Note 16 “Commitments and Contingencies” and Note 15 “Litigation and Other Legal Matters” to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details.
Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets - Impairment Assessments. We review goodwill for impairment annually during our third fiscal quarter or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be fully recoverable. Pursuant to the authoritative guidance, we make certain judgments and assumptions to determine our reporting units and allocate shared assets and liabilities to those reporting units, which determines the carrying values for each reporting unit. When assessing goodwill for impairment, an initial assessment of qualitative factors determines whether the existence of events and circumstances indicates it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value. Judgments related to qualitative factors include macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, cost factors, overall financial performance, relevant entity-specific events, a sustained decrease in share price and other events affecting the reporting units. If we determine it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, a
40

Table of Contents
quantitative test is then performed by estimating the fair value of the reporting unit and comparing it to its carrying value including goodwill. If the former is lower, goodwill is written down by the excess amount, limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. See Note 7 “Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets” to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
We determine the fair value of a reporting unit using the market approach when deemed appropriate and the necessary information is available, or the income approach which uses discounted cash flow (“DCF”) analysis, or a combination of both. If multiple valuation methodologies are used, the results are weighted. Determining fair value requires the exercise of significant judgment, including judgments about appropriate discount rates, revenue growth rates and the amount and timing of expected future cash flows. Discount rates are based on a WACC, which represents the average rate a business must pay its providers of debt and equity, plus a risk premium. The WACC used to test goodwill is derived from a group of comparable companies. The cash flows employed in the DCF analysis are derived from internal forecasts and external market forecasts. The market approach estimates the fair value of the reporting unit by utilizing the market comparable method which is based on revenue and earnings multiples from comparable companies.
We review purchased finite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable or that the useful lives of the assets are shorter than initially expected. We determine whether finite-lived intangible assets are recoverable based on the forecasted undiscounted future cash flows that are expected to be generated by the lowest-level associated asset grouping. Assumptions and estimates about future values and remaining useful lives of our intangible assets are complex and subjective. If the undiscounted cash flows used in the recoverability test are less than the long-lived assets’ carrying value, we recognize an impairment loss for the amount that the carrying value exceeds the fair value.
We review indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets may not be fully recoverable. The authoritative accounting guidance allows a qualitative approach for testing indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment, similar to the impairment testing guidance for goodwill. It allows the option to first assess qualitative factors (events and circumstances) that could have affected the significant inputs used in determining the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset. The qualitative factors assist in determining whether it is more-likely-than-not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. An organization may choose to bypass the qualitative assessment for any indefinite-lived intangible asset in any period and proceed directly to calculating its fair value. Our indefinite-lived intangible assets are IPR&D intangible assets.
Any impairment charges could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and net asset value in the quarter in which we recognize the impairment charge. See Note 7 “Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets” to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Income Taxes. We account for income taxes in accordance with the authoritative guidance, which requires income tax effects for changes in tax laws to be recognized in the period in which the law is enacted.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities. The guidance also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that a portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. We have determined that a valuation allowance is necessary against a portion of the deferred tax assets, but we anticipate that our future taxable income will be sufficient to recover the remainder of our deferred tax assets. However, should there be a change in our ability to recover our deferred tax assets that are not subject to a valuation allowance, we could be required to record an additional valuation allowance against such deferred tax assets. This would result in an increase to our tax provision in the period in which we determine that the recovery is not probable.
On a quarterly basis, we provide for income taxes based upon an estimated annual effective income tax rate. The effective tax rate is highly dependent upon the geographic composition of worldwide earnings, tax regulations governing each region, availability of tax credits and the effectiveness of our tax planning strategies. We carefully monitor the changes in many factors and adjust our effective income tax rate on a timely basis. If actual results differ from these estimates, this could have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
The calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations. In accordance with the authoritative guidance on accounting for uncertainty in income taxes, we recognize liabilities for uncertain tax positions based on the two-step process. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained in audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. We reevaluate these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in
41

Table of Contents
tax law, effectively settled issues under audit and new audit activities. Any change in these factors could result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an additional charge to the tax provision.
We record income taxes on the undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries unless the subsidiaries’ earnings are considered indefinitely reinvested outside the U.S. Our effective tax rate would be adversely affected if we change our intent or if such undistributed earnings are needed for U.S. operations because we would be required to provide or pay income taxes on some or all of these undistributed earnings.
Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income. The Tax Act includes provisions for Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) wherein U.S. taxes on foreign income are imposed in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of foreign corporations. This income is effectively taxed at a 10.5% tax rate in general. We elect to account for GILTI as a component of current period tax expense and not recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the basis differences expected to reverse as a result of GILTI provisions.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
For a description of recent accounting pronouncements, including those recently adopted and the expected dates of adoption as well as estimated effects, if any, on our Consolidated Financial Statements of those not yet adopted, see Note 1 “Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Revenues and Gross Margin
 Year Ended June 30,    
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020FY22 vs. FY21FY21 vs. FY20
Revenues:
Product$7,301,428 $5,240,316 $4,328,725 $2,061,112 39 %$911,591 21 %
Service1,910,455 1,678,418 1,477,699 232,037 14 %200,719 14 %
Total revenues$9,211,883 $6,918,734 $5,806,424 $2,293,149 33 %$1,112,310 19 %
Costs of revenues$3,592,441 $2,772,165 $2,449,561 $820,276 30 %$322,604 13 %
Gross margin61%60%58%1%2%
Product revenues
Our business is affected by the concentration of our customer base and our customers’ capital equipment procurement schedules as a result of their investment plans. Our product revenues in any particular period are significantly impacted by the amount of new orders that we receive during that period and, depending upon the duration of manufacturing and installation cycles, in the preceding period. Revenue is also impacted by average customer pricing, customer revenue deferrals associated with volume purchase agreements and the effect of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
The increase in product revenues by 39% in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 compared to the prior fiscal year is primarily attributable to strong demand for many of our products, especially our inspection, metrology and specialty semiconductor process portfolios as customers prioritize technology development investments and also expand their capacity to meet resilient semiconductor end customer demand.
Service revenues
Service revenues are generated from product maintenance and support services, as well as billable time and material service calls made to our customers. The amount of our service revenues is typically a function of the number of systems installed at our customers’ sites and the utilization of those systems, but it is also impacted by other factors, such as our rate of service contract renewals, the types of systems being serviced and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
The increase in service revenues by 14% in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 compared to the prior year is primarily attributable to an increase in our installed base.
42

Table of Contents
Revenues by segment(1)
 Year Ended June 30,    
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020FY22 vs. FY21FY21 vs. FY20
Revenues:
Semiconductor Process Control$7,924,822 $5,734,825 $4,745,446 $2,189,997 38 %$989,379 21 %
Specialty Semiconductor Process456,579 369,216 329,700 87,363 24 %39,516 12 %
PCB, Display and Component Inspection832,176 812,620 727,451 19,556 %85,169 12 %
Other— 739 3,614 (739)(100)%(2,875)(80)%
Total revenues$9,213,577 $6,917,400 $5,806,211 $2,296,177 33 %$1,111,189 19 %
__________
(1)Segment revenues exclude corporate allocations and the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates. For additional details, refer to Note 19 “Segment Reporting and Geographic Information” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Revenue from our Semiconductor Process Control segment increased by 38% in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 compared to the prior year primarily due to a strong demand for many of our products, especially from our inspection and metrology portfolios. The increase in revenues from our Specialty Semiconductor Process segment, which comprises etching and deposition solutions for advanced packaging and specialty semiconductor markets, is primarily driven by advances in the IC packaging technology roadmap and growth in demand for automotive power, RF filters and MEMS devices. The revenue from our PCB, Display and Component Inspection segment was relatively flat in fiscal 2022 as compared to fiscal 2021.
Revenues - Top Customers
The following customers each accounted for more than 10% of our total revenues primarily in our Semiconductor Process Control segment for the indicated periods:
Year Ended June 30,
202220212020
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company LimitedTaiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company LimitedTaiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

Revenues by region
Revenues by region for the periods indicated were as follows:
 Year Ended June 30,
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020
China$2,660,438 29 %$1,831,446 26 %$1,495,977 26 %
Taiwan2,528,482 27 %1,690,558 25 %1,598,201 27 %
Korea1,430,495 16 %1,343,473 19 %911,848 16 %
North America928,043 10 %765,974 11 %651,328 11 %
Japan724,773 %639,381 %660,772 11 %
Europe and Israel636,664 %396,422 %322,085 %
Rest of Asia302,988 %251,480 %166,213 %
Total$9,211,883 100 %$6,918,734 100 %$5,806,424 100 %
A significant portion of our revenues continues to be generated in Asia, where a substantial portion of the world’s semiconductor manufacturing capacity is located, and we expect that trend to continue.
43

Table of Contents
Gross margin
Our gross margin fluctuates with revenue levels and product mix and is affected by variations in costs related to manufacturing and servicing our products, including our ability to scale our operations efficiently and effectively in response to prevailing business conditions.
The following table summarizes the major factors that contributed to the changes in gross margin:
Gross Margin
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 202057.9 %
Revenue volume of products and services1.3 %
Mix of products and services sold1.2 %
Other service and manufacturing costs(0.5)%
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 202159.9 %
Revenue volume of products and services2.3 %
Mix of products and services sold0.4 %
Manufacturing labor, overhead and efficiencies(0.1)%
Other service and manufacturing costs(1.5)%
Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 202261.0 %
Changes in gross margin, which are driven by the revenue volume of products and services, reflect our ability to leverage existing infrastructure to generate higher revenues. Changes in gross margin from the mix of products and services sold reflect the impact of changes within the composition of product and service offerings, and amortization of inventory fair value adjustments from business combinations. Changes in gross margin from manufacturing labor, overhead and efficiencies reflect our ability to manage costs and drive productivity as we scale our manufacturing activity to respond to customer requirements, and amortization of intangible assets. Changes in gross margin from other service and manufacturing costs include the impact of customer support costs, including the efficiencies with which we deliver services to our customers, and the effectiveness with which we manage our production plans and inventory risk.
The increase in our gross margin from 59.9% to 61.0% during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 is primarily attributable to a higher revenue volume of products and services sold and a more profitable mix of products and services sold, partially offset by an increase in service and manufacturing costs.
Segment gross profit(1)
 Year Ended June 30,    
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020FY22 vs. FY21FY21 vs. FY20
Segment gross profit:
Semiconductor Process Control$5,167,679 $3,705,222 $3,028,167 $1,462,457 39 %$677,055 22 %
Specialty Semiconductor Process242,520 206,706 183,641 35,814 17 %23,065 13 %
PCB, Display and Component Inspection378,964 390,571 315,723 (11,607)(3)%74,848 24 %
Other— (68)(63)68 100 %(5)(8)%
$5,789,163 $4,302,431 $3,527,468 $1,486,732 35 %$774,963 22 %
_________________ 
(1)    Segment gross profit is calculated as segment revenues less segment costs of revenues and excludes corporate allocations, the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, amortization of intangible assets, inventory fair value adjustments, and acquisition-related costs. For additional details, refer to Note 19 “Segment Reporting and Geographic Information” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
The primary factors impacting the performance of our segment gross profits for fiscal year 2022 compared to fiscal year 2021 are summarized as follows:
Semiconductor Process Control segment gross profit increased due to a more profitable mix of products and services sold, partially offset by an increase in service and manufacturing costs.
The segment gross profits of the Specialty Semiconductor Process segment increased primarily due to a more favorable mix of products and services sold as well as a higher revenue volume.
44

Table of Contents
The segment gross profits of the PCB, Display and Component Inspection and Other segments decreased primarily due to a less favorable mix of products and services sold as well as an increase in other service and manufacturing costs.

Research and Development
 Year Ended June 30,    
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020FY22 vs. FY21FY21 vs. FY20
R&D expenses$1,105,254 $928,487 $863,864 $176,767 19 %$64,623 %
R&D expenses as a percentage of total revenues12 %13 %15 %(1)%(2)%
R&D expenses may fluctuate with product development phases and project timing as well as our R&D efforts. As technological innovation is essential to our success, we may incur significant costs associated with R&D projects, including compensation for engineering talent, engineering material costs and other expenses.
R&D expenses during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 increased compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, primarily due to an increase in employee-related expenses of $149.4 million as a result of additional engineering headcount, higher employee benefit costs and higher variable compensation, higher consulting costs of $9.5 million and an IPR&D write-off of $6.0 million.
Our future operating results will depend significantly on our ability to produce products and provide services that have a competitive advantage in our marketplace. To do this, we believe that we must continue to make substantial and focused investments in our R&D. We remain committed to product development in new and emerging technologies.

Selling, General and Administrative
 Year Ended June 30,    
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020FY22 vs. FY21FY21 vs. FY20
SG&A expenses$860,007 $729,602 $734,149 $130,405 18 %$(4,547)(1)%
SG&A expenses as a percentage of total revenues%11 %13 %(2)%(2)%
SG&A expenses during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 increased compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, primarily due to increases in the following: employee-related expenses of $55.7 million as the result of additional headcount, higher employee benefit costs and variable compensation; depreciation expense of $24.2 million; consulting costs of $15.7 million; facility and office expenses of $11.2 million; travel expenses of $6.4 million; and external sales commissions and trade shows of $6.1 million.
Goodwill Impairment
We performed our annual impairment assessment of goodwill as of February 28, 2022 and concluded that goodwill was not impaired.
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, as a result of our annual goodwill impairment testing for all reporting units, we recorded $144.2 million and $112.5 million in impairment charges in the Specialty Semiconductor Process and PCB and Display reporting units, respectively, in the three months ended March 31, 2020.
Restructuring Charges
Over the last few years, management approved plans to streamline our organization and business processes, which included reductions of workforce.
Restructuring charges were $1.0 million for the year ended June 30, 2022. Restructuring charges were $12.4 million for the year ended June 30, 2021 and included $3.9 million of non-cash charges for accelerated depreciation related to certain right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and fixed assets to be abandoned. Restructuring charges were $7.7 million for the year ended June 30, 2020.
For additional information refer to Note 20 “Restructuring Charges” to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
45

Table of Contents
Interest Expense and Other Expense (Income), Net
Year Ended June 30,
(Dollar amounts in thousands)202220212020FY22 vs. FY21FY21 vs. FY20
Interest expense$160,339 $157,328 $160,274 $3,011 %$(2,946)(2)%
Other expense (income), net$4,605 $(29,302)$2,678 33,907 116 %$(31,980)(1,194)%
Interest expense as a percentage of total revenues%%%
Other expense (income), net as a percentage of total revenues— %— %— %
The increase in interest expense during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021 was primarily due to higher interest expense on our Revolving Credit Facility, which is described further in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section below.
Other expense (income), net is comprised primarily of fair value adjustments and realized gains or losses on sales of marketable and non-marketable securities, gains or losses from revaluations of certain foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities as well as foreign currency contracts, interest-related accruals (such as interest and penalty accruals related to our tax obligations) and interest income earned on our invested cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities.
The increase in other expense (income), net during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022 compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021 was primarily due to a fair value loss of $18.9 million from an equity security in the current fiscal year following initial fair value gains of $26.7 million when it became marketable in the prior fiscal year, as well as a $4.4 million gain recorded in the prior fiscal year due to the sale of our interest in PixCell Medical Technologies Ltd. These were partially offset by a gain from the sale of an investment of $27.7 million in fiscal year 2022.
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2020, loss on extinguishment of debt reflected a pre-tax net loss of $22.5 million associated with the redemption of our $500.0 million of Senior Notes due 2021, including associated redemption premiums, accrued interest and other fees and expenses.
Provision for Income Taxes
The following table provides details of income taxes:
Year Ended June 30,
(Dollar amounts in thousands)20222021