Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2024
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
Contract Balances
The following table represents the opening and closing balances of accounts receivable, net, contract assets and contract liabilities as of the indicated dates.
As of As of
(Dollar amounts in thousands) March 31, 2024 June 30, 2023 $ Change % Change
Accounts receivable, net $ 1,625,257  $ 1,753,361  $ (128,104) (7) %
Contract assets $ 87,621  $ 117,137  $ (29,516) (25) %
Contract liabilities $ 1,716,767  $ 1,245,007  $ 471,760  38  %
Our payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although the terms generally include a requirement of payment of 70% to 90% of total contract consideration within 30 to 60 days of product shipment, with the remainder payable within 30 days of acceptance.
The change in contract assets during the nine months ended March 31, 2024 was mainly due to $98.5 million of contract assets reclassified to accounts receivable, net, as our right to consideration for these contract assets became unconditional, partially offset by $69.2 million of revenue recognized for which the payment is subject to conditions other than passage of time. Contract assets are included in other current assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The change in contract liabilities during the nine months ended March 31, 2024 was mainly due to an increase in the value of products and services billed to customers for which control of the products and services has not transferred to the customers, partially offset by recognition in revenue of $884.0 million that was included in contract liabilities as of June 30, 2023. Contract liabilities are included in current and non-current liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2024, we had $9.90 billion of remaining performance obligations, which represents our obligation to deliver products and services, and primarily consists of sales orders where written customer requests have been received. This amount includes customer deposits of $677.0 million as disclosed in Note 4 “Financial Statement Components” and excludes contract liabilities of $1.72 billion as described above. We expect to recognize approximately 40% to 45% of these performance obligations as revenue beyond the next 12 months, but this estimate is subject to constant change. Our customers are currently purchasing equipment from us with lead times that are longer than our historical experience. As customers try to balance the evolution of their technological, production or market needs with the timing and content of orders placed with us, there is elevated risk of order modifications, pushouts or cancellations.
In addition, in October 2022, the U.S. government issued regulations that imposed new export licensing requirements for certain U.S. semiconductor and high-performance computing technology (including wafer fab equipment), for the use of such technology for certain end uses in the People’s Republic of China (“China”), and for the provision of support by U.S. Persons to certain advanced integrated circuit (“IC”) fabs located in China. The regulations impose export license requirements effectively on all KLA products and services to customers located in China that fabricate certain advanced logic, NAND and DRAM ICs. KLA is also restricted from providing certain U.S. origin tools, software and technology to certain wafer fab equipment manufacturers located in China, absent an export license. In October 2023, the U.S. government issued additional regulations that went into effect in November 2023. These additional rules are designed to update export controls on advanced computing semiconductors and semiconductor manufacturing equipment, as well as items that support supercomputing applications and end-uses, to arms embargoed countries, including China. They adjust the parameters included in the existing regulations that determine whether an advanced computing chip is restricted and impose new measures to address risks of circumvention of the controls established in October 2022. The regulations are very complex and, in January 2024, KLA, among other companies, submitted comments to the government regarding these regulations. We are taking appropriate measures to comply with all government regulations, and will continue to apply for export licenses, when required, to avoid disruption to our customers’ operations. While some export licenses have been obtained by us or our customers, there can be no assurance that export licenses applied for by either us or our customers, now or in the future, will be granted.
Refer to Note 18 “Segment Reporting and Geographic Information” to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information related to revenues by geographic region as well as significant product and service offerings.